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book reading report Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is not easy. A book report challenges students to think and write critically about what theyve read. In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and other book details. But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and high school, they are expected to write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on movie an individual basis to develop their writing skills through online writing courses. We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of in the of the by amy tan, how does teach, terror! How to Write a Book Report. Before you write, read. Theres no substitute for reading the book.

Choose a book youll enjoyreading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and eleanor paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write. Remember, unless your book is a personal copy, dont write in the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to german ww1 propaganda, start the writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the movie, proven steps of the writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and publishing. Essay Italic Branch Of The! In the of aquitaine, first step, prewriting, youll plan what you want to say. Poem! An outline is of aquitaine a great prewriting tool for book reports. Start your book report outline with the following five ideas.

Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of Book. In The €rules Of The Game” Lindo Jong Teach Lessons?! 3. Eleanor Movie! Book Details: Characters. 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Evaluation and Conclusion. Type The Economy! In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of these paragraphs.

Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Review your teachers instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the books title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of eleanor movie, pages, and year published). The opening paragraph is also your opportunity to build interest by mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the ww1 propaganda, book or noteworthy credentials of the eleanor, author. Was the astral define, book a bestseller? Is the author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so its perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. In the body of the book reportparagraphs two, three, and of aquitaine fouryoull describe what the book is about. This is ann duffy your chance to of aquitaine movie, show youve read and understood the book.

Assuming youve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and plot. Specify who tells the story (point of view) and the tone or atmosphere of the book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the astral define, main characters and identify the major conflict or problem the main characters are trying to solve. Eleanor Movie! You can also write another paragraph about the havisham carol ann duffy poem, other characters in eleanor of aquitaine the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you dont need to tell every detail of the story. Instead, focus on the main sequence of events. You can discuss plot highlights, from the rising action to the books climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the authors use of any literary devices youve been studying in class. Book Reports on The Seed of Evolution Non-fiction. If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, youll want to devote the body of your book report to a description of the books subject and the authors points of view.

Use the chapter headings to help you present the authors ideas and arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you dont have to cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and eleanor of aquitaine the ones most interesting to you. If you read a biography, write about Essay of Evolution some of the important events in the persons life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. Youll like writing the final paragraph because it is here that youll be able to offer your own critique of the book. What are the books strengths and eleanor movie weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of fiction, how did the book affect you?

If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by in the short story “rules game” tan, how does lindo jong teach the authors arguments? Try to be balanced in of aquitaine your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the german ww1 propaganda, book. Give your honest opinion of the book and whether or not you would recommend it to eleanor, others. Revising, Editing, and Publishing. After youve drafted your book report, youre ready to follow the german ww1 propaganda, next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and publishing. Begin revising by reading your book report aloud or to a friend for feedback.

As you edit, check your grammar and of aquitaine movie use of the correct guidelines for book quotes and writing the book title. Give enough time to revising and editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Book Reports: A Type of Expository Essay. A book report is about Italic Branch of the Indo-European Language usually written as an expository essay, although it can be written in other forms. In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of of aquitaine, view when writing a book report. Here is an example: Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the best American kids novel of the last decade. Please use examples. This type of writing prompt requires a persuasive style of which during economic the economy, writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to eleanor, persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book.

If writing a book review, dont reveal the ending! Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in which of unemployment rises during economic and falls when building students writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at any writing assignment, including a book report. Time4Writing offers online writing courses for kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for personalized writing instruction.

Time4Writings eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and eleanor of aquitaine movie building confidence. Find out how Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes can make a real difference in your childs writing.

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LEARN HOW TO WRITE A SONG: a step-by-step guide. This easy-to-use guide will show you how to write a song, from eleanor of aquitaine movie, finding a great title to writing your melody. Which Of Unemployment During Downturns When The Economy Improves?! Hands-on songwriting exercises will jump start your creativity, while how-to video tutorials are a fun way to find out more. What comes first, melody or lyrics? How does an idea become a whole song? How do you know if your song is any good? Well, Ill answer the eleanor, first two questions in this article.

The third question How do you know if your song is good? is answered like this: If a song genuinely expresses your feelings, then its a good song. It doesnt matter what anyone else thinks. Astral Define! If a song expresses your feelings AND touches other people, moves them emotionally, or gets them on the dance floor thats a good song with the potential to eleanor, become a HIT. So, how do you write a song that moves other people and makes them want to listen? Well, thats where song craft comes in. ? What is song craft and why do I need it. Good songwriters use song craft to give their songs emotional impact and create a memorable experience for listeners. The tools and techniques of our craft are not arbitrary; they werent invented just to drive us crazy or make us write copy-cat songs without depth or originality. They exist because, over astral define hundreds of years, songwriters have found that they help listeners to understand, experience, and remember the message at the heart of eleanor of aquitaine movie, a song.

The simple, time-tested ideas on this page will help you create a song that expresses your feelings and Indo-European Language Family, moves listeners, keeping them involved and interested in what you have to say. Like any skill, though, song craft takes a little practice, so be sure to try the Go Ahead and Do It! exercises that follow each step. ? How does a song get started? (Good question!) Getting started can be one of the hardest tasks in songwriting. And its also one of the most important because if you start well, youll have a lot less trouble later on. Youll know where youre going and youll have plenty of things to say.

Theres always the temptation to jump right in and begin with the first thing that occurs to you. You know you want to write a song lyrics with a melody and some chords but you may only have a vague idea or a feeling about what you want to express. When that happens you could end up with a song that listeners cant understand or relate to. So which comes first lyrics, melody, or chords? My answer is: None of the above. There are a lot of ways to start a song and you could start with one of eleanor, those, but Im going to german, suggest that you start with THE TITLE. The title is going to be the line that everyone remembers. More important, its going to define the message of the song.

It will be your guide, keeping your song on track and keeping listeners interested. Think of your title as the peak of eleanor, a pyramid. The rest of the song is made up of the on Change: of Evolution, building blocks that support it. Start your song with a title that appeals to you. Make sure its a phrase that rings true in your ears. Something that makes you say, Ive got to know more about that! Because if YOU want to know, others will want to eleanor of aquitaine, know. TIP: Short phrases make good titles because they grab attention and theyre easy to remember. The ideal length for a title is one to five words. Where to find good titles.

Keep your eyes and ears open for good titles that have energy for you. Action words, images, or short phrases make good titles. Attention-grabbing newspaper headlines are full of in the game” by amy how does lindo jong teach, good titles. Here are a few examples of titles I picked up by eleanor, reading through a popular magazine: A Dream On The Edge, Hiding in the Shadows, What You Cant Change, Slipping Away. When you watch television always keep a little corner of your mind alert for dialogue lines that capture your attention. Listen to your friends and family to see if you can pick out in the “rules of the game” by amy how does jong teach lessons? interesting phrases.

Or turn inside and listen to yourself by eleanor of aquitaine, doing some stream-of-consciousness writing. Write or type as fast as you can, trying not to think or make judgments, then go back and look for good phrases. Start keeping a list of these potential titles. GO AHEAD DO IT Start your title list right now. Pick up a book or magazine, or scan for short story “rules of the game” lindo jong her children interesting short phrases. Write down at least three phrases.

Mix and match words between phrases, substitute your own words, play around with ideas. Movie! Try to german, come up with at eleanor, least one phrase that makes you want to ann duffy, write a song. Of Aquitaine Movie! Keep looking for german ww1 propaganda more phrases until you have something you like. Draw a big circle around that phrase. Then keep reading. ? Turn a title into a lyric. Heres how. Now, lets begin to eleanor of aquitaine movie, turn your title into a great lyric by simply asking a few questions the questions suggested by your title. If you use these questions as a guide when writing your lyric, youll be able to Finish every song you start Keep listeners with you Make your song say what you want. Ask the questions hidden in your title.

Every title suggests questions that need to be answered. Some of the questions will be ones that you want to explore, others will be questions that listeners have. Youll need to answer both. Let me give you a few examples Take a classic song title like Heartbreak Hotel. Some of the Essay on Change: of Evolution, questions this title suggests are: What is a heartbreak hotel? What happens there? Where is it? Sure enough, these questions are all answered in this great Rock standard. What is a heartbreak hotel?

A place to go when your baby leaves you. What happens there? Brokenhearted lovers cry. Of Aquitaine Movie! Where is it? Down at german ww1 propaganda, the end of eleanor movie, Lonely Street. A title like Taylor Swifts I Knew You Were Trouble suggests questions like Who was trouble? What kind of trouble? and How did things turn out? If these questions arent answered in the song, listeners will go away disappointed. Heres the lyric. Take a look to see how these questions were answered. In a big Country hit like Youre Gonna Miss This recorded by Trace Adkins, listeners will be asking What is it were going to miss? and Why will we miss it? Check out the lyric.

You might be surprised by the answer! Thats the sign of a great song. Carol Ann Duffy! It draws the listener in with questions, then answers them in a fresh way. Of course, youll also have questions you want to eleanor movie, write about. Exploring our own feelings and experiences is a big part of what drives us to write songs. So, here are a few questions you might want to answer. What does your title mean? How do you feel about that? Why do you think that happened?

What do you hope or fear will happen next? If youd like to hear a lyric example, listen to Be With You, a song I wrote with singer-songwriter Ed Patrick. The lyric answers questions suggested by the title, questions like: Why is the singer saying this? Whats happening? Who is involved? What is the singer feeling? Why is it important to him? A simple title like this one can suggest a lot of different emotions and situations. Ed and I wrote about the german, feelings we wanted to express, but another songwriter could go in an entirely different direction with the eleanor, same title.

You can choose the questions you want to answer and the way you want to answer them. GO AHEAD DO IT Go back and Essay on Change: of Evolution, look at the title you circled in the previous exercise. Of Aquitaine Movie! What questions does it suggest to you? What would you like to ww1 propaganda, say about it? Make a list of questions youd like to answer.

Then add any questions you think listeners might have. Answer your questions in eleanor of aquitaine movie short phrases, eight to ten words will convert easily into lyric lines. Write more than you think youll need; you wont use all of it. Remember, its just raw material. Explore the possibilities. Dont worry about Essay on Change: rhyming, just say what you want to say.

Thats the best place to start. ? Add images related words to bring your song to life. Just like a potter has clay and a painter has tubes of paint, the songwriter has images, action words, and fresh ideas. These are your raw materials. Eleanor Movie! Youre going to create that raw material yourself by using the words, phrases, and images suggested by Indo-European Family, your song title. Make a list of words and eleanor of aquitaine, images the title suggests. Lets say your song title is You Make Me Smile. To create raw material based on ann duffy poem this title, think of words and images associated with smiling. We can start with obvious ones like happy, sunny, bright, and fun. These are words you can use in your lyric, but theyre a little bit abstract. Eleanor Movie! Lets see if we can come up with words that will actually create an upbeat feeling for listeners and really make them feel like smiling.

Take the words happy and fun, for instance. What are a few things that are fun, things that make people smile? Parties, dancing, weekends, and ww1 propaganda, vacations. The sound of of aquitaine movie, laughter and poem, music. Movie! Favorite foods and a day at on Change:, the park with friends. A trip to the beach, a night on the town. Bright lights and crowds and carnival rides. These are just rough ideas.

Try not to judge whether theyre good or not at movie, this stage. Just write down everything that comes to astral define, you. You wont use all of it, but you never know what might end up in your song. Now, lets try the word sunny. Obviously that word makes me think of sunshine, which makes me think of summer and being outdoors, which makes me think of grass, trees, and flowers. Flowers make me think of eleanor movie, colors gold, red, purple and bees buzzing around. So now we have a whole bunch of words that evoke mental images bees, flowers, sunshine, parties, dancing, colors!

They all have to do with smiling and feeling good. And they all came from starting with one or two words, and then letting them suggest more. To hear how these words are used in a hit song, heres part of the chorus lyric of Smile by Uncle Kracker. Notice how many words are similar to the ones we came up with. You make me dance like fool. Forget how to breathe. Just the thought of astral define, you can drive me wild.

Oh, you make me smile. Now the listener is able to picture how the eleanor, singer is feeling instead of just having to on Change: of Evolution, take his word for movie it. This is one of the The Seed, most important tools a songwriter has. Check out Smile by Uncle Kracker on Spotify, read the eleanor, lyrics online, or watch the video to german, hear even more fun images and ideas based on smiling. BONUS TIP: After you have a list of related words, make a list of contrasting words and images, ones that suggest the opposite. For example, I wrote a song called California Girl. Obviously the related words will include summer, sun, warm, waves, water, sand, feeling free a kind of eleanor movie, or paradise. Contrasting words will be winter, moon, cold, fire (contrasting with water), and feeling caught or trapped (the opposite of feeling free). If youd like to hear how I turned these lists of related and contrasting words into a lyric, watch the video of astral define, my song California Girl or listen and read the lyrics here. GO AHEAD DO IT Make a list of eleanor movie, words, images, and in the short “rules of the jong teach lessons?, phrases related to eleanor, your title.

Write down single words or short phrases. Which Rises Downturns! Dont think about rhyming or making sense of things at this point. And try not to be critical of your ideas just write down what comes to you. Then, make a list of contrasting words, images, and phrases. Write as many words as you can think of in each column. Let one idea suggest another and eleanor movie, follow the in the short of the game”, trail wherever it takes you.

This is eleanor a great exercise for havisham carol ann duffy poem stretching your creativity. ? Why is song structure such a big deal? Now is a good time to get familiar with one very important aspect of songwriting: Song Structure. An easy-to-follow structure acts like a path leading your listener through your song from beginning to end. The most common contemporary hit song structure looks something like this: VERSE / CHORUS / VERSE / CHORUS / BRIDGE / CHORUS . Listeners like this song form because it provides enough repetition to feel familiar and enough variety to keep them interested. It also gives you, the songwriter, the chance to add emotional dynamics to your song. Many of todays hit songs feature a conversational, low-key verse followed by a big, powerhouse chorus with plenty of emotional punch. Once you get familiar with this basic song structure, there are plenty of add-ons and eleanor, variations to play with.

Some songs have a pre-chorus or extra post-chorus hook. But try using this one to get started. Its been the foundation of many huge hits and many more to come. Here are some useful definitions for understanding song structure: Verse: The verses in a song all have the same melody but different lyrics. The verse lyrics give us information about the situation, emotions, or people in the song.

Chorus: We may hear the chorus of a song three, four or more times. The lyric and melody remain the same each time it recurs.The chorus lyric sums up the in the short of the tan, how does jong teach her children, heart of the of aquitaine, song. Astral Define! The title of the song almost always appears in the chorus section and may be repeated two or more times. Bridge: The bridge has a different melody, lyrics, and chord progression from the verse or chorus. It provides a break from the eleanor, repetition of short “rules of the game” by amy how does, verse and of aquitaine, chorus. The lyric often provides an astral define insight or revealing moment. GO AHEAD DO IT. Use the of aquitaine, song form VERSE / CHORUS / VERSE / CHORUS / BRIDGE / CHORUS . Go back to the list of questions you made earlier and choose a question to answer in each section. The chorus will be repeated several times so pick the Essay about Italic Indo-European Language, most important question to answer there. Often, that question is eleanor of aquitaine What does this feel like? Be sure to use your title in your chorus!

Fill in Italic Branch Indo-European Family the lines around your title using some of the eleanor movie, images from your list. Essay About Italic Indo-European Language Family! Make sure your listeners understand your song by having the singer come right out and say what he or she really feels at least once in movie the chorus. When you have a rough idea of your chorus lyric, move on to a verse. Verse lyrics tend to be more conversational, so keep it simple and story “rules of the jong lessons?, just answer the question you picked in eleanor an open, honest way. ? Look for the melody that lives in of unemployment rises economic and falls your lyrics. Every time you open your mouth to speak, you start singing! Dont believe me? Just try speaking without using any changes in pitch, without speaking faster or slower, louder or softer. You cant do it! You end up sounding like a robot.

Although we usually think of of aquitaine, singing as something quite different from talking, we actually use a lot of carol ann duffy poem, melody when we talk. When we talk we use pitch, volume, phrasing, and of aquitaine movie, rhythm all the elements of a song melody. The only difference is in a song these elements are exaggerated and theres more repetition. About Italic Branch Of The! So if you have a few lyric lines, all you need to do is speak them to get a raw melody started. Its the melody part of eleanor, speech that communicates emotion. Essay Branch Of The Language! In fact, just by of aquitaine movie, changing the melody you can give the same words an entirely different emotional meaning. Try this: say the phrase Oh, no? as if you are asking a simple question. Of The By Amy Tan, Lindo Jong Lessons?! Now, say the same phrase Oh no! as if you are anxious and movie, frightened. Notice the havisham ann duffy, difference in the melody? In the movie, question, the melody goes up at astral define, the end. Eleanor Of Aquitaine! In the Essay on Change: The Seed of Evolution, frightened version, the pitch starts higher and then the eleanor movie, melody moves downward.

Exaggerate the emotion in the second phrase and youll really hear it. Now try saying Oh no with a sarcastic, disbelieving, youve got to be kidding tone. Its an entirely different melody from the other two. You can use this melodic element of ww1 propaganda, speech to give your songs added emotional impact. If youve got a lyric that asks a question, try a rising motion on the end of the melody , just as if you were really asking a question. Eleanor Of Aquitaine Movie! Or, if your lyric questions are the kind that dont really want an which type rises and falls when the economy improves? answer, try a descending melody on the end of the phrase.

Youll make the meaning clear and sound natural and believable to your listeners. GO AHEAD DO IT To achieve the conversational tone of many of todays verses, try speaking your verse lyric in eleanor of aquitaine movie a casual, conversational style, then exaggerate it a little to begin creating your verse melody. Keep the pauses that occur naturally and exaggerate the Essay The Seed, little ups and downs in your speaking voice. Youll want to make changes later but, for now, this will give you a good place to movie, start. Ww1 Propaganda! Remember, this is your raw material, not the of aquitaine movie, finished melody. Choruses often have more energy and urgency, conveying more of the songs emotional heart. As we saw with the Oh, no! phrase, the astral define, more emotion there is, the higher the voice tends to be. Eleanor Movie! Thats why very emotional Pop and Rock choruses work well in a higher note range. About Italic Indo-European Language! Speak the chorus lyric with as much emotion as you can put into eleanor of aquitaine, it.

Now, exaggerate the pitches, keeping the rhythm of the words and any pauses that occur naturally. Havisham Carol! This will get you started on your chorus. Once youve found the eleanor, melody your lyric naturally suggests, then sit down with your guitar or keyboard and start roughing out the chords. I like to Essay The Seed of Evolution, record my vocal ideas before I even start to add chords, that way I can recall the original spoken word melody in case I want to go back to it. Of course, there are other ways to write a song melody but this one will give you a great place to start. Writing both lyrics and melody. If you play guitar or keyboard and movie, youre going to be writing your own melody and chords. Ww1 Propaganda! Skip down to eleanor, the next section for some ideas on Essay Italic of the Indo-European how to find and use chord progressions that work well for todays songs. Work on the melody and chords using the verse and chorus lyric you have, gradually smoothing and changing until you have something you like. Then write the rest of the lyric to the final melody. If youre going to be looking for a collaborator to put music to your lyrics, then you should go ahead and eleanor, finish the lyric now.

Filling in the rest of the lyric while sustaining the emotional tone of what youve done is a tough job but if youve gotten this far, you can do the rest. IMPORTANT TIP ON RHYMING: Dont twist words out of order or write a line just to make something rhyme! A vowel rhyme rhymes like love/enough or mine/time/sigh with the in the short story “rules of the by amy teach lessons?, same vowel sound but different final consonants will work just fine for popular songs. Of Aquitaine Movie! (Songs for musical theater are different they usually do require perfect rhymes.) Check out a web site like or to find lists of which type rises economic and falls improves?, interesting, closely rhyming words to eleanor movie, use. Know when to take a break. Work on your lyric for short periods of time. Astral Define! If youre not getting anything usable, walk away literally. Take a walk and of aquitaine, let things settle for awhile. Keep the lyrics youve written on a desk or table where you can easily add a word or thought when it strikes you.

Keep the hit song melody in your head. The most important thing (and the which type of unemployment during economic downturns the economy, most difficult) is to keep the emotional integrity of the eleanor, song intact. Dont settle for anything less. There are times when youll lose your way. Stop working! Go away and come back when youre fresh. Youll be able to see what needs to be fixed. Keep working on the lyric until you are genuinely moved and excited by carol, it. Many songwriters begin their songs by strumming a chord or playing two or three chords to inspire a mood, a melody idea, or a lyric theme.

Todays hit songs often use simple, repetitive chord progressions, relying on the melody to keep things interesting, melodies with a lot of forward momentum and unexpected twists. To hear this style, check out hit songs by artists like Ed Sheeran, OneRepublic, or Kelly Clarkson. You dont have to reinvent the wheel. There are loads of useful chord progressions that depend on eleanor movie just three to four basic chords. While song melodies and german ww1 propaganda, lyrics are copyrighted, in eleanor of aquitaine movie general, these familiar chord progressions are not.

C-Am-F-G belongs to everyone! You can use this type of generic chord progression in your own songs. Im going to Essay, suggest that, for now, you do just that. These progressions arent hard to pick up. Listen to a recent hit song and learn to play along on either guitar or keyboards. Of Aquitaine! There are many YouTube videos that will show you how to play recent hits. Carol Poem! There are also fake books with chords and websites with the chord progressions for movie hundreds of hit songs. Just do a quick web search using the song title and the word chords. If you decide to which rises during economic when the economy improves?, use one of these chord progressions to practice writing a song of your own, just be sure you dont use any of the melody or lyric from the eleanor, hit song.

These are protected by the copyright law. If you already have an on Change: The Seed of Evolution idea for your melody, you can hunt for the chords that fit. Of Aquitaine! If you dont play piano or guitar, take a few lessons. There are instant piano and guitar courses you can buy online that will teach you to read and havisham carol poem, play chords. Check out my Resources page for a good one. Eleanor Of Aquitaine! Or you can take a few lessons from carol poem, a local music teacher.

Many music stores offer lessons. Your local community center or college may have classes. Or ask friends and neighbors to refer a teacher. If you decide to take lessons, be sure to tell the eleanor of aquitaine, teacher you want to learn to read and play CHORDS. The Seed Of Evolution! You dont need to learn note reading. In general, songwriters dont have to be great musicians. We know chords, we know song craft, we know how to follow our emotions none of this has anything to eleanor of aquitaine movie, do with how many dazzling riffs and licks you can play. Just strum or chord along with your voice and keep the emotional feel front and Essay about, center. Heres a resource for those of of aquitaine, you who dont play an instrument and even those who do! Karaoke tracks offer an which type of unemployment during economic and falls when improves? instant backing track that can inspire ideas and eleanor of aquitaine movie, get you singing your lyrics to a contemporary beat.

Go ahead and write a song for friends and which of unemployment rises downturns when the economy improves?, family or just for songwriting practice. The track itself is copyrighted but generally the chords are not. If you want to eleanor of aquitaine, pitch your song commercially, youll need to record a new instrumental track. You can keep the chords or adapt if needed. Many of todays top TV dramas and films use songs to in the “rules game” by amy how does teach her children lessons?, add mood, energy, and of aquitaine, atmosphere to scenes. A lyric with a single, strong emotional focus is ideal for this use. If youre interested in this market, begin to study how songs are used in astral define commercials, TV shows, and films.

Notice how they enhance and eleanor movie, deepen the in the short story game” by amy tan, teach, effect of the scene. As an exercise, choose a scene and try writing a song that would work with it. Record your vocal and a simple guitar or piano part, then play it softly under the of aquitaine, scene to see if it increases the emotional impact. For more information, read my book Shortcuts to Songwriting for Film TV available at So lets say you have this fabulous lyric. Its got emotion and good song craft but you dont play guitar or keyboards.

Maybe writing melodies just isnt your strength. Or youre a musician who doesnt write lyrics. Time to look for a co-writer! Before you show your lyric or melody to a co-writer, before you enter it in a contest, or otherwise spread it around, its a good idea to copyright it with the U.S. Type Rises Downturns And Falls When The Economy! Library of of aquitaine movie, Congress. Youll find online registration forms, printable forms, FAQ, and instructions at of unemployment during economic improves?, the Copyright Office web site. Theres a fee for each form you file, but you can register groups of lyrics or songs on a single form to movie, save money. Back to the hunt for collaborators

Idea #1: Check out the Collaboration Corner at You dont have to be a TAXI member to join in the forum discussions and meet collaborators. Not only are these folks serious about writing songs, most of ann duffy poem, them are actively pitching to TAXIs opportunities a BIG plus! Idea #2: Universities and community colleges in eleanor movie your area will have a music department. Talk to one of the teachers or post a sign on a bulletin board letting people know youre looking for co-writers and what style you write in. Which Type Of Unemployment Rises During Economic Downturns The Economy Improves?! Also, check to see if there is eleanor movie a campus club or group interested in music or songwriting.

Idea #3: Check out clubs in your area that feature local artists. When you find an artist or band playing the kind of music youre interested in, ask if theyre willing to astral define, co-write. When they tell you they write all their own songs, tell them youd like to collaborate on songs to pitch to publishers for other artists. Theyll be interested. Idea #4: Check out local music stores. They usually have a guitar or piano teacher or they can put you in touch with one. The teacher might be interested in writing with you or may know a student who is looking for a collaborator. Once youve written a strong song with a memorable melody, emotionally evocative lyric, and good structure that keeps the of aquitaine, listeners attention, youll want to ww1 propaganda, make a demo to show it off. Advances in recording technology have revolutionized home recording. Its now relatively easy and eleanor of aquitaine movie, affordable to put together a home demo studio.

Although a course in home recording is Branch of the Indo-European beyond the scope of this article, here are a couple of ways to get started HOME MIDI STUDIOS: There are many inexpensive software programs that include both MIDI sequencers (for use with MIDI keyboards) and audio recording capability (to record vocals and guitar). Acid Music Studio is an inexpensive sequencer and it comes with a huge library of loops that make assembling a track a breeze. For Mac users theres Garageband for eleanor MAC . Its included in the iLife software package. Youll need a MIDI keyboard for use with both of these programs. Apple has one for under $100. Yamaha makes a good inexpensive keyboard. SONGWRITING SOFTWARE: Theres a unique software program called Band-In-A-Box that I like a lot! BIAB is like having a song collaborator who never tells you your ideas are lousy.

It will create a chord progression or you can type one in or play one on a MIDI keyboard. It will create a drum, bass, piano, guitar, and string arrangement based on your chords. Story Game” Tan, Her Children! BIAB will even create a melody and a title! Its inexpensive, fun, creative, and a great place to start a song from scratch! To find out more, visit my Resources page.

There are versions for eleanor of aquitaine both PC (BIAB for Windows) and Mac (BIAB for Mac) . DEMO SERVICES: There are many good recording studios and demo services that can produce all or part of Essay on Change: The Seed of Evolution, your demo. They can record the movie, instrumental tracks so you can do your vocal at home, or they can give provide just the guitar or drums. Short Story €rules How Does Lindo Jong! Youll have a chance to of aquitaine, give input or talk with the “rules of the game” jong teach, producer ahead of time. I suggest giving the service an idea of what you want by eleanor of aquitaine, playing existing songs with a similar style, sound, or feel. Heres a list of services and online musicians Ive used. Of course, all I have given you here is german a doorway into eleanor, songwriting. There are other ways to of unemployment during downturns and falls when the economy, approach songwriting but theyre just other doors. Once you go through the door, thats when you really begin to learn.

Everything you need to know is right there on eleanor movie the radio, in your CD collection or on your iPod. Study songs by your favorite artists to learn what theyre doing. German Ww1 Propaganda! Heres a list of hit songs that Ive posted with a look at movie, what makes them tick. Youll find tips on how to use these ideas in songs of your own. You dont need to reinvent the wheel every time you write a song.

Stand on the shoulders of The Seed of Evolution, giants; use what others have discovered and build on it. Make it your own! Dont worry that youll end up sounding like someone else youll always sound just like you . Of Aquitaine Movie! No one else has your creative ideas, your voice, your thoughts, or your talents!

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Why Your Ecommerce Store Needs a Business Plan (and How to movie Write One) If your first thought when hearing the astral define, words business plan is yuck, then you're not alone. For most people, the thought of writing a business plan brings up painful memories of past homework assignments and many online store owners view them as something only real world businesses and Silicon Valley startups need. And lets face it, there's all that fun marketing stuff you could be doing like taking product photos, writing blog posts and opening social media accounts. But the truth is, the fun stuff will only be meaningful if you build your business on a strong foundation. And that's where writing a simple business plan comes in. Even if you don't actually need funding for your business or need to submit a business plan to anyone, there are still some compelling reasons you should consider writing one for yourself. For example, let's say that you're just starting out.

You've created an online store, you may even be making some sales. Creating a business plan at this stage could help you see the bigger picture and chart a strategic course for future growth. Or maybe you're five years into eleanor of aquitaine movie running your business and you're starting to feel stuck and things are beginning to plateau. Astral Define. Creating a business plan at this stage could help you think outside of the day-to-day grind of running of your business and of aquitaine movie, discover new ways to carol poem market it or new products you could be selling to boost revenue. On the flip side, maybe your business is trending downward. Creating a business plan in this scenario could potentially help you either change the eleanor of aquitaine movie, way your business works as a whole or cut your losses before you're in deeper trouble. The point is, if you haven't written a business plan, you should take the time to do so, no matter what point in your business's lifecycle you're in. And the astral define, best part? It's not that hard.

Let's look at how you can do it. Components of of aquitaine movie, a Good Business Plan. Remember, if you're just doing this for yourself, there's no need to go overboard and turn this into a major project that holds you back from german ww1 propaganda, launching and making some initial sales. Think of it as something designed to help open up some ideas for of aquitaine your business and shed light on ww1 propaganda some angles that maybe you haven't thought of yet. In the future, if you actually need to submit a formal business plan to someone, you could always use this one as a starting point and spruce it up as opposed to having to start from scratch.

The key areas of a business plan include the following. Find out of aquitaine movie, how defining each can help your business. Executive Summary - While it's the Italic Branch of the Language Family, last thing you will write, it's the first part of the movie, business plan. This part summarizes the main highlights of the rest of the sections. Company Description - This is a high level overview of your company, products or services, types of The Seed of Evolution, consumers, and eleanor of aquitaine movie, competitive advantages. Ultimately, think of on Change: of Evolution, it like what you would tell someone in an elevator ride about your business if you wanted them to invest in it. Also known as an extended elevator pitch. Market Analysis - This is eleanor your research about “rules game” by amy, your industry and target market.

If you haven't formally defined your target customer, this will help you do so. Operational Plan - This covers the day to day operations of your business, from location and hours to inventory and accounting. Of Aquitaine Movie. As you go through this, you can make sure that each of the vital processes in your business are running as smoothly and havisham carol poem, efficiently as possible. Organization Management - This tells people about the main players in your business - who owns it, who manages it, etc. It will help you define all parties involved with the foundation of your business so everyone has a clear understanding of where they fit and who does what. Products Services - This is where you describe the products and services offered by your business.

You should think about them from your customer's perspective. It will help you to better sell your products and services once you've defined them using this approach. Marketing Sales - This is where you layout how you will reach your target market, identify prospects, and sell your products and services. Eleanor Of Aquitaine Movie. While composing this section, creative marketing and on Change:, sales strategies might emerge. Financial Projections - This is where you really dig in and figure out how much your business will make over eleanor of aquitaine, the next five years. As an which during economic when the economy improves?, established business, you will include historical data and of aquitaine movie, be able to make your predictions based off of that. Coming up with these numbers could be a huge motivation boost and keep you working towards a specific goal as opposed to just seeing what happens. Funding Request - This is the part of the plan where you define your outside funding needs and exactly how you plan on using those funds as well as pay them back. Even if you're just investing your own money into german your business, this can help you really focus your spending so it is all allocated and documented properly.

As you can see, creating a business plan can be a huge eye-opener for your business, no matter what stage you're at. Business Plan Templates Resources. Fortunately, there are a lot of great resources on the web that you can use to make the movie, business plan writing easier. Best of all, many of The Seed of Evolution, them are free. Here are just a few. SBA Create Your Business Plan - This guide walks you through each section of your business plan with all of the details you need to of aquitaine craft them. Poem. They also have a Business Plan Tool that will walk you through the process, step by step. Eleanor. SCORE Business Plan Financial Statements Templates - Fully detailed sample templates for which type of unemployment during downturns and falls when improves? start-ups, established businesses, and non-profits. Sample Business Plans - Over 500 sample business plans for various industries including restaurants, retail, medical, health, services, fitness, pet services, and many more.

If you want more samples, you can try this (really long) Google search for eleanor movie industry business plan filetype:pdf -template -sample -checklist -outline -format . Just replace industry with your own to find sample PDF business plans. Did you know that there are actually business plan competitions annually? The winners of these competitions get funding for their small business. And the ones that don't still get good publicity and recognition by carol the organizations they submit them to. Here are a few examples of the latest business plan competitions for 2013 to of aquitaine movie give you an idea of the kinds that are out there. You can also search for business plan competitions on Google to find ones that are specific to your region or your industry.

If you do need funding and german ww1 propaganda, have an awesome business plan, this could be a good way to go about getting it. Have you created a business plan for your business? What did you learn from it? The Ultimate Guide to Business Plans. This free, step by step guide will show you exactly how to write a business plan and set yourself up for success. Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and resources delivered directly to your inbox.

Youll start receiving free tips and resources soon. In the of aquitaine movie, meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of Shopify. Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and resources delivered directly to your inbox. Youll start receiving free tips and resources soon.

In the meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of Shopify. Thanks for the post Mark. This seems to be a really painful part of business for many entrepreneurs and many avoid it all together. However, writing a business plan is the Essay on Change:, single best exercise you can go through to really think about your business. Its okay if you have little data or your projections are not founded in assumptions, the fact is that youll learn so much about your business from eleanor, this exercise, that youll definitely come out a much better and perceptive business owner. Ha! I would love to hear Richard Branson tear this new one.

Also, what did Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Michael Dell, and The Seed, Mark Zuckerberg all have in common? They didnt use a business plan because they understood that time is money and action is a million time more profitable. We should keep business plans in movie, the early 20th century where they belong. Taking some time to understand your market, how to position your business in that market and which rises during downturns when, how to present your business value proposition to your customers is never a bad thing. Should you worry about eleanor movie, getting this perfect to the point where it gets in the way of of the by amy how does lindo teach her children, shipping? Absolutely not. This doesnt have to be major time drain. Of Aquitaine. Buffer got $500k in funding with 7 slides:

Just dont spend a week writing it. I keep an evernote including keywords to rank for (market analysis), revenues goals (financial analysis), the in the short story of the by amy tan, how does lindo jong her children lessons?, next product ideas (products and services). Branson was famous for his notepad and recording this data, of course he had a business plan. I would recommend reading Rework by the folks at of aquitaine movie 37 Signals before thinking about writing a business plan. Essay About Indo-European Language. Basically Rework taught me more about eleanor of aquitaine movie, running a business then my undergraduate in business. The Business Model generation is helpful to get a quick model spelled out. A traditional plan may be cumbersome, however, the thinking process is astral define useful.

Also a good tool to get buy in from your co-founders etc. Recommend keeping it point form. I agree with Wes Coughlin, I read Jason Frieds article in Inc. each month and eleanor movie, they really have a strong understanding of how to make things work for you and more importantly how to shut down or pass on type of unemployment during economic downturns and falls the economy improves? things that arent working or dont work. I recently decided to start a business. I had in of aquitaine, mind a website, e-commerce site, where I will sell high end gifts. German Ww1 Propaganda. In researching website building and all the companies that will help you do this a friend suggested Shopify and I believe that is the eleanor movie, company I will go with eventually.

In the meantime that same friend has made me more aware of the business world and I do feel, for me, a business plan will be helpful in german ww1 propaganda, getting started and will keep me on a strong and healthy business path. So after our conversation I typed into the Google search bar How to write a business plan to open an e-commerce website and your article came up. Eleanor Of Aquitaine. Serendipity? Perhaps. In The Story Game” Tan, Lindo Her Children Lessons?. This article has been really helpful and of aquitaine movie, I plan on doing more research to help build a strong and successful business. This has been a great starting point for me.

Fingers are crossed! Thanks for the info! Good article. Astral Define. I like the movie, layout. please keep it up. Thanks for Essay on Change: The Seed this exhaustive article. Business plans are still important in the 21th century, not only to convince investors but also to anticipate and mature one strategic vision.

Im working on my first ecommerce business plan. The major difficulty is to define hypotheses. I found a very useful Excel template, but it is in french, it is of aquitaine movie not really suited to the US market. If anyone has something to which rises downturns and falls when improves? propose, it would be very helpful. Hi, excellent post, business plan are the basic and most important part any business.

Its truly said fail to plan is, plan to eleanor fail. I started my business and contacted Coface for credit insurance to secure my business from risk. Check the website, it may help you: TESTIMONY ON HOW I GOT MY LOAN MIRACULOUSLY FROM WILFRED ANDERSON LOAN COMPANY. Hello Everyone, I Michell Bartman a single mom from type of unemployment rises during economic when improves?, dudelange in Luxemburg, i will like to share this great testimony on how i. got my loan from Waiter Morison Loan Company when we were evicted out of our home when i couldnt pay my bills any more, After been scammed by various companies on line and have been denied a loan by my bank and of aquitaine, some other credit union i. visited, my children were taken by the foster care, i was all alone in the street. Until a day i shamefully walked into german an. old school mate who introduced me to Waiter Morison Loan Company At first i told her that i am not ready to take any risk. of requesting a loan on line any more, but she assured me that i will received my loan from them.

On a second thought, due. to my homelessness i took a trial and applied for the loan, luckily for me i received a loan of $50,000.00 from. ( Am happy i took the eleanor movie, risk and applied for which type rises economic downturns the economy the loan. my kids have been given back to. me and now i own a home and a business of my own. Movie. All gratitude goes to Waiter Morison Loan Company for giving a meaning. to my life when i had lost all hope. thanks for sharing.

You are right.Great tips. If you are looking to apply for a bank/SBA loan, to obtain funding from astral define, private investors, to lease a space for your business or to avoid costly mistakes when starting or expanding your business, you would benefit immensely by obtaining a professional Business Plan. Hey Serena, The blog is very informative yet I need to of aquitaine know some stuffs more. Essay The Seed. Like suppose I am just new in shopify just created my account. Eleanor. At this moment, do i need to german register my business as soon as I start or I can register gradually when I make sale? My Second question is how much is the of aquitaine movie, minimum amount of finance I need to have in order to start the business? And lastly, If I have just began then How do I order goods from online from Alibaba as I have known from which type of unemployment rises economic downturns the economy, different sources that before approving any order Ali baba do check the eleanor movie, shopify account. I would really appreciate if my dear readers also can help me with my questions. In a modern day shopping website is great to about Italic Branch of the Indo-European get our desire requirements to movie find out and Im so glad with this site on the basis of its benefit there are lot of daily life accessories and german ww1 propaganda, this makes it advantageous for eleanor people who choose to shop there instead of a single store. German Ww1 Propaganda. Families who decide to visit a shopping mall in the weekend or on a holiday for a family outing are because its a more convenient option especially because parking is provided and so on.

In a modern day shopping website is great to eleanor of aquitaine get our desire requirements to find out and Im so glad with this site on Essay Branch of the Indo-European Language the basis of eleanor movie, its benefit there are lot of german, daily life accessories and this makes it advantageous for people who choose to shop there instead of a single store. Families who decide to visit a shopping mall in the weekend or on a holiday for a family outing are because its a more convenient option especially because parking is provided and so on. Get easy access to eleanor of aquitaine movie secured a genuine online funds services at an. interest rate of 3% only. Ann Duffy Poem. Apply for the following Loan. Personal Loans (Secure and Unsecured) Business Loans (Secure and Unsecured) Consolidation Loan and of aquitaine movie, many more. We are certified, trustworthy,reliable, efficient, Fast and dynamic. If you are interested please contact us for german ww1 propaganda more information.

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Maybe your business is movie not doing well and short of the tan, teach, so making a business plan can definitely assist your business whichever change the method your business works as entire losses before youre in huge trouble. Eleanor. A business plan can be written by following the below points. Leslie Fannin is my name am an origin of Brazil but nationalizes in Dallas Texas USA. During Economic When The Economy Improves?. As a single mom with three kids it was had to eleanor of aquitaine get a job that could take care of me and my kids and I had so much bills to pay and to make it worst I had bad credit so i couldnt obtain a loan from type of unemployment rises and falls when the economy, any bank. I had an eleanor, ideal to start a business as an hair stylist but had no capital to start, Tried all type of banks but didnt work out type rises economic downturns the economy, until I was going through the internet and of aquitaine, I saw a post advertising to give a loan at short story “rules of the by amy how does lindo her children a rate of movie, 2% interest in astral define, Steakley Financial Services. Eleanor Movie. I sent them a mail using their official email address and I got a reply immediately and my loan was approved, and I was directed to the Bank site where I withdraw my loan directly to ann duffy poem my account. This Loan company is not just a company they have Link with a Bank which facilitates the eleanor of aquitaine movie, loan process using the government Bank website. Of Unemployment Rises Downturns And Falls Improves?. To cut it short am a proud on of my hair stylist company today making money for my family and of aquitaine, a happy mom. If you need a loan I mean any loan just sent an astral define, email to Steakley Financial Services at eleanor their official email address :

Write a Business plan with this guides is like ABC. Join 407,818 entrepreneurs who already have a head start. Get free online marketing tips and resources delivered directly to your inbox. Youll start receiving free tips and astral define, resources soon. In the of aquitaine, meantime, start building your store with a free 14-day trial of Shopify. Shopify is everything you need to sell anywhere. Start your free 14-day trial today!

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A level Biology Coursework - Effect of substrate concentration on rate of activity of the enzyme catalase. Aim: To investigate the effect of substrate concentration on the rate of activity of the eleanor of aquitaine movie, enzyme catalase. Catalase is an in the short “rules jong teach her children enzyme which is found in of aquitaine movie, most living organisms. It catalyses the decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide into water and havisham carol ann duffy poem oxygen. Catalase dramatically reduces the activation energy needed for the reaction. Without catalase the decomposition would take much longer, and movie would not be fast enough to sustain human life. Hydrogen peroxide is in the short story by amy how does jong also a dangerous, very potent by-product of metabolism, so it is essential that it is broken down quickly, otherwise it would cause damage to eleanor of aquitaine, cells. I have done some preliminary work and as a result, have identified problems that may occur in my main investigation, such as timing, measuring and keeping variables that I am not investigating constant, (such as temperature etc). In the main procedure I will control the temperature in a water bath in The Seed of Evolution, order to eleanor of aquitaine, create a constant external temperature to dissipate the heat energy. This will minimise the effect of temperature on the results of the experiment. I have decided to do this because in my preliminary procedures, I used a thermometer to measure the temperature of the hydrogen peroxide (when left on Essay on Change: The Seed the side) at different intervals, and on different days, and found that the eleanor movie, temperature of the hydrogen peroxide fluctuated slightly.

By doing this, it will ensure that the test is Essay Branch of the as fair as I can make it. Although the reaction is exothermic and eleanor movie will give out heat during the reaction anyway, since the poem, heat has been dissipated by being kept in the water bath, the eleanor of aquitaine, amount of heat given off in in the story of the by amy tan, lindo teach her children, the experiment will be relative to eleanor of aquitaine movie, the concentration of hydrogen peroxide, but obviously some reactions will take longer than others, so more heat will be produced. However the temperature initially will be kept the same in each case. Short By Amy Lindo Jong Lessons?? This is also very relevant because we may not get the opportunity to do the whole experiment on one day, or in the same class room. Eleanor? This means the room temperature in each class room or on different days will not be the same for each procedure, because of obvious factors such as type of day (very cold or mild etc) and Essay the level of heating within the class rooms. Temperature directly affects the shape of the active site. At a temperature below the optimum, the molecules have less kinetic energy so the rate of collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules are low and eleanor of aquitaine therefore less enzyme-substrate complexes are formed. As the temperature increases the molecules have more kinetic energy and so collide more often, resulting in an increased rate of reaction. Because of this, it is very important to control the temperature, in order to ensure a constant temperature is maintained. Essay The Seed? Above the eleanor, optimum temperature, the thermal energy breaks the hydrogen bonds holding the secondary and tertiary structure together, so the active site changes shape and eventually the reaction can no longer be catalysed.

I will keep the water bath at in the short game” by amy tan, lindo teach her children lessons? 25 o C because the optimum temperature for the enzyme catalase at eleanor of aquitaine which it works most effectively is 45 o C. This will ensure that, since the temperature is below the optimum the reaction will be slower and story “rules game” by amy lindo teach lessons? therefore enable me to collect oxygen at a measurable rate. Eleanor Movie? I may, however need to change this as I have not done a preliminary experiment using a water bath. In my preliminary work I also found that when doing the experiment with 1g of yeast, and 5cm 3 of 20 volume of havisham carol poem hydrogen peroxide, the rate of movie reaction was too fast to collect oxygen at a measurable rate, and therefore made it impossible to gain meaningful results. Ww1 Propaganda? I consequently reduced the mass of eleanor yeast to 0.2g rather than the 1.0g I used initially, and still used the same volume (5cm 3 )of hydrogen peroxide. Essay On Change: Of Evolution? This meant that because the enzyme concentration (catalase in yeast) was reduced there were less collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules so the rate of eleanor enzyme-substrate formations were reduced.

This meant that less gas evolved with time, so I could effectively time, and Essay about Italic Branch Indo-European Language Family measure the volume of oxygen produced. Another factor which I had to consider was the surface area of the yeast granules, because each yeast granule has a different surface area the of aquitaine movie, amount of enzyme will differ in each granule, but more importantly the greater the surface area of the yeast the more reactions take place because of the fact that there will be more collisions between the enzyme and substrate molecules. Carol Ann Duffy Poem? In my first preliminary experiment I just weighed 1.0g of of aquitaine yeast as it was supplied in its granule form. However in about of the Indo-European, my next preliminary experiment, I decided this would be unfair in the main procedure and because of eleanor of aquitaine movie this I decided to grind the yeast into a powder so that the surface area would be more similar in each yeast granule. Also, in my main procedure I will grind a larger mass of yeast (more than I need), and on Change: then weigh it, rather than weighing the yeast and then grinding. Eleanor? This is important because if I weigh the yeast and then grind with the pestle, some of the yeast will be lost because it might get stuck to the pestle, hence decreasing the mass of yeast slightly. I will also use the same batch of yeast because this will ensure that the yeast granules have the same surface area.

I also used 2 different methods in Essay Italic Branch of the Indo-European Language Family, order to determine which would be the most effective in gaining the best possible results, with minimal error. In my first experiment, I used the of aquitaine, displacement of water method, whereby a measuring cylinder (containing water) is placed upside down in which type of unemployment during economic when the economy improves?, a plastic tub, with a tube attached to of aquitaine movie, the test tube (airtight). A syringe with hydrogen peroxide is also present (as shown in the diagram). I believe that as the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide (substrate) decreases, the of unemployment economic downturns when the economy, rate of eleanor of aquitaine reaction will decrease consequently. German? This is eleanor movie because there will be fewer collisions between the substrate and enzyme molecules (catalase in yeast) because there are fewer molecules of about of the Indo-European Family hydrogen peroxide, so there will be a decrease in enzyme-substrate complexes formed. Eleanor Of Aquitaine Movie? The reaction will then stop because all of the active sites become saturated with substrate because the about Italic Branch Indo-European, enzyme is the limiting factor. This will result in a decreased volume of oxygen being produced as one of the by-products of this reaction.

In addition, based on my knowledge of the collision theory I believe that if the concentration of hydrogen peroxide is doubled (or halved) then the rate of reaction is also doubled (or halved). This is because if the concentration is doubled the number of molecules of the substrate is also doubled. This means there will be twice as many successful collisions. Therefore it is true to of aquitaine, say that in astral define, theory: rate concentration. I will investigate if this is true for this reaction.

The hydrogen peroxide is injected into the test tube and the volume of oxygen gas is recorded (by the amount of water displaced). This would determine the rate of reaction. However I decided against this method for several reasons. Firstly, because I used such a large measuring cylinder, the volume of gas produced was hard to measure as not much water had been displaced. Although I could have used a smaller measuring cylinder, I decided that the eleanor movie, best possible way I could do the experiment was by measuring the astral define, volume of gas directly using a gas syringe, rather than by the displacement of water. Also, because the eleanor, hydrogen peroxide had to be inserted into the syringe before the reaction could begin, the amount of time it would be out of the water bath (which I intend to use in carol, my main experiment) was longer than necessary.

I decided that I could reduce this time by using a different method. In my second preliminary experiment, I used a gas syringe instead, which measured the volume of oxygen produced directly, rather than by the displacement of water. The hydrogen peroxide is inserted into a 5cm 3 small beaker and then tipped over to of aquitaine, spill the Essay Branch of the Indo-European Language Family, contents and start the reaction. I felt that this would give me more reliable result in my main investigation because the length of time that the hydrogen peroxide is out of the water bath is reduced. Eleanor Of Aquitaine Movie? Furthermore, the volume of gas is measured directly.

I noticed that when doing the first method that bubbles of gas were affected by people bumping the havisham ann duffy, table, and that sometimes they got trapped in the tube, so even though the product of the reaction (oxygen) had been formed it was not measured until afterwards, (at a later stage in the reaction). Also, the bubble volume is affected by the diameter of the eleanor, tube and ww1 propaganda the overall pressure of the movie, water (depth of the water) so I believe that by using the of unemployment rises economic and falls the economy, gas syringe, I will be able to eliminate this inaccuracy as water will not be involved. The gas syringe, however, also has a small volume of air displaced within it when it is attached to the conical flask, so I will have to movie, consider this in the main procedure. I will subtract this volume of air from each of my results so that I can gain a precise measure of the volume of in the “rules by amy how does jong teach her children lessons? gas produced. The preliminary experiment also gave me an of aquitaine idea as to how often I should measure the volume of gas formed (i.e. every 5, 10, 15 seconds etc). In my first preliminary experiment the reaction went to fast to collect oxygen at a measurable rate, but in the second preliminary experiment I measured the volume of gas every 10 seconds, but found that the german, reaction was over before I had enough measurements and that the results I gained would not be sufficient to of aquitaine, obtain enough results and make a valid conclusion. I therefore did a further experiment based on mainly on timing only, and found that if I measured the german, volume of gas every 5 seconds I obtained enough measurements. However, I do have to of aquitaine movie, take into account that I will be using different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide in my main experiment, so 5 seconds may not be sufficient to measure the The Seed, volume of oxygen produced in the slower reactions and I may need to change this. Eleanor Of Aquitaine? The concentrations of hydrogen peroxide I will use will be 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 50%. I will use these concentrations because I believe that if I were to go any lower than 50% that the rate of astral define reaction will be relatively slow, and of aquitaine will not produce enough results because the german, substrate concentration (hydrogen peroxide) will be too low in concentration.

I also want to movie, decrease in 10% because I believe it will provide me with closer results rather than decreasing by 20% which will mean I would be testing a concentration of 0% of hydrogen peroxide. Finally, I also want to determine whether or not half the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide (50%) would produce half the volume of gas. Bored of revsion? need to read something GOOD? Want to say thanks for this article? Help me out by checking out this book I helped co-edit. Thanks in advance! The independent variable will be the factor that I am going to manipulate. This will be the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide. I intend to use a pipette in order to make up the in the of the game” lindo teach lessons?, concentrations of 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60%, and 50%. I will do this by making each mixture up to 100cm 3 , so for example, the 90% concentrated solution will consist of 90cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide, and 10cm 3 water.

I will put the 6 different concentrated solutions in a conical flask which will be placed into a water bath. Because a pipette is a very accurate way of measuring volumes, I believe that this will be the best method to make up the concentrations. This will eliminate a very large apparatus error that would occur if I used a beaker or conical flask. The dependant variable the variable I intend to measure is the volume of gas produced in each reaction. This will vary as a direct result to the different concentration of hydrogen peroxide. Controlled variable the controlled variable consist of all the other factors which must be kept constant.

This will be the mass of yeast for each experiment (0.2g). I will make sure that I measure 0.2g of yeast as accurately as I can using the movie, balance. Which Of Unemployment Economic Downturns Improves?? The balance has a mechanism whereby it can be made level (so perfectly balanced) regardless of the angle of the desk or counter it is placed on. I have explained this is movie my method below. I will also consider the apparatus error of the balance (and indeed all the Essay on Change: The Seed of Evolution, equipment I use) so I can work out the of aquitaine, overall error derived from the apparatus and identify this in my conclusion. I am also controlling the temperature, so this has to be considered, because I am controlling 2 variables. This will affect my results, but I believe it will make them more accurate since the temperature will be constant, and so eliminate any fluctuations in temperature (as I have explained earlier). It will also rule out the fact that if I have to do my procedures in poem, different rooms/days, the temperature in the room might be different.

Conical flask 20 vols hydrogen peroxide Water Yeast Gas syringe Stop clock Clamp stand 50cm 3 pipette 20cm 3 pipette 25cm 3 pipette Water bath Syringe Stopper Pestle and mortar Thermometer Tweezers 5cm 3 Beaker. Firstly I am going to measure out the concentrations of hydrogen peroxide that I have decided on. This will be 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 50%. I will do this by adding different volumes of water to make up 100cm 3 .For example, the 80% concentrated solution will consist of 80cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide and eleanor of aquitaine 20cm 3 of water, (as shown in the table below). Instead of using a conical flask or a measuring cylinder, I will use a pipette because they are very accurate for measuring volumes. I will then place the in the short story “rules game” jong teach lessons?, 6 conical flasks in eleanor of aquitaine, a water bath, at 25 o C, to create a constant external temperature to dissipate the heat energy. Essay Of The Language Family? I will do this first to ensure that the mixtures have enough time to reach a constant temperature, rather than only putting them in for a short time because this will mean there may be fluctuations in temperature of the different molecules which I was initially trying to eleanor, eliminate. Next, I will grind the on Change:, yeast into a powder using a pestle and eleanor of aquitaine mortar. I will grind up more than I need, so that I can use the havisham poem, same (ground) yeast for all of eleanor movie my experiments. This will also be fairer than grinding the ww1 propaganda, yeast on different days or for eleanor movie, different procedures, because the time spent grinding may be different.

Hopefully this will mean that each yeast granule will have the same (or a very similar) surface area. I will then set up my apparatus. Finally, on setting up the apparatus, I will place the balance on the table, making sure the about Italic Branch Indo-European Language, bubble in the spirit level is in the middle level, thereby eliminating any deviation from the balance position. This means that even though the table may not be level, the pan (or weighing basin) is perfectly level. I will set up my apparatus this way every time I need to, e.g. when I need another lesson to complete my investigation.

Once the apparatus is set up, I will place a conical flask on of aquitaine movie the balance, and set the balance to 0, so that I can weigh the yeast only, which I will place in the conical flask using a spatula until the right weight (0.2g) is in the conical flask. I will weigh the yeast directly into the conical flask, not a Petri dish, because then I do not have to worry about transferring the which type rises economic and falls improves?, yeast from the Petri dish to movie, the conical flask. Next I will place the astral define, conical flask under the eleanor, gas syringe and place an airtight stopper in the top, with a single tube attached to the gas syringe as shown in the diagram. I will then take the Essay about Italic Indo-European Language Family, conical flask with the 100% hydrogen peroxide out of the water bath and measure exactly 5cm 3 of the mixture using a syringe, and place it into the 5cm 3 small beaker. Being very careful as not to spill the mixture, I will take the stopper off the conical flask and lower the beaker into the conical flask using tweezers. Of Aquitaine Movie? I will then put the stopper back on the conical flask so the procedure is ready to german ww1 propaganda, commence. Using a stop clock I will time from the moment the small beaker is tipped over to when the reaction stops, measuring the of aquitaine, volume of gas evolved every 15 seconds. The reaction is over german when I record 3 volumes of gas that are concordant or very similar. This indicates that no more gas is being produced because the enzyme is the limiting factor as all the active sites are occupied. I will repeat this method using the different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide making sure to eleanor, wash the equipment thoroughly after each reaction.

I will carry out astral define each reaction 3 times for each to gain an average. I hope to record concordant results for each repeat, so if an anomaly occurs I can discount it and repeat the procedure again. I will record the data in a table and allow me to work out the rate of reaction. I will then represent the of aquitaine movie, results in a graph. On Change: Of Evolution? This will enable me to movie, work out the gradient and make a conclusion based on the evidence I have obtained. Hydrogen peroxide, if inhaled or has contact with the skin or eyes, can be very dangerous and toxic. I will therefore be wearing safety goggles whenever I am handling the Italic Branch Indo-European Language Family, hydrogen peroxide and during the reaction, and will also wear gloves.

I will also make sure that my hair is tied back at all times and that I am not wearing any jewellery or articles of clothing that may come into eleanor of aquitaine contact with the astral define, hydrogen peroxide. Eleanor? I will also clean up any spillages immediately. Astral Define? I believe that the graph will firstly start of movie steep in ann duffy poem, all the reactions, but steepest in the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide and gradually decreasing as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decrease. This is because there will be more collisions between the enzyme and substrate molecules so more enzyme-substrate complexes. The curve will then level off and this represents the point where most of the enzymes active sites are saturated. The curve will eventually stay constant and of aquitaine this is because the astral define, enzyme molecules are fully saturated. This is called the maximum velocity of reaction or Vmax. Movie? The substrate concentration at this point, even if increased, will not affect the rate of reaction because it is the enzyme which is in low concentration. Havisham Carol? I believe that the graph for one of the concentrations, for example 100% hydrogen peroxide, will look similar to the one below. I believe that each curve for each concentration will look like the one above, but for each decreased concentration 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 50%, the eleanor movie, value of the Vmax will decrease too, as will the initial rate of reaction, This is because of the fact that there will be less substrate molecules in each successive concentration, so fewer collisions between particles that can react with each other.

This means that the number of collisions that reach the activation energy also decreases. This can be explained by the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve: THEN Draw the graph using your results or the one's in the above table. Based on the information above, I therefore believe that the Branch of the Indo-European, graph with all the concentrations plotted will look similar to the one below. I will record my results in a table like the of aquitaine, one below, and then record further, average results, in short story “rules game” by amy lindo jong, a similar table. I will draw a graph based on the average results, and draw a curve of best fit for each concentration which will help me analyse my results. I will then work out the gradient of each curve and plot a further graph of percentage of H 2 O 2 against eleanor rate of reaction on the y-axis. I would expect this graph to be linear as this would show that as the concentration increases, time taken for a set volume of gas would decrease - in other words, the rate is proportional to about Indo-European Language, the concentration. I expect this graph to look similar to the one I have drawn previously.

I will work out the rate of reaction from the of aquitaine movie, results gained in the first 5 seconds as this will be the point where the greatest volume of carol ann duffy gas is evolved. I had to change the volume of hydrogen peroxide used from 5cm 3 to 4cm 3 because in the first reaction with 100% hydrogen peroxide went too fast to collect oxygen at of aquitaine a measurable rate. Carol Poem? When I did repeat the procedure with 4cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide, I could effectively measure the volume of gas. Eleanor Of Aquitaine? I also had to change the gas syringe because at first the reaction did not occur, and this was because a large volume of gas was leaking from a tear in ww1 propaganda, the tube. I also had to repeat the whole of the 70% concentration of hydrogen peroxide because the eleanor movie, results were all anomalous when compared to the rest of the data. I will talk about why this might have been in my evaluation. * Another factor which I found out later when I drew my graphs was that there were limitations to the range of german ww1 propaganda results I collected, so I decided to collect some more results. I have explained this later on. Below is a table of the results I collected, including all the results which I had to repeat. The raw results can be seen in the appendix. Because my results where mostly concordant, and at the very least there was only a 2cm 3 difference between any 2 repeats out of 3, I decided that I did not need to repeat any of the procedures, apart from the whole of concentration 7 which I will discuss later.

This then enabled me to work out an average by of aquitaine adding up 3 three repeat values and dividing by 3. Astral Define? For example the eleanor movie, 100% concentration average would be (48+49+48) ? 3). Below is a table showing the average results. From these results, I can see instantly that less gas was evolved in the first 5 seconds as the concentration decreased and that the overall volume of gas also became successively lower in each decreased concentration. This is havisham ann duffy poem because there were more molecules of hydrogen peroxide in eleanor movie, the higher concentrations, so more collisions took place and havisham ann duffy poem so there was a greater probability of successful collisions. This resulted in more enzyme-substrate complexes formed in the higher concentrations, and less in the each decreased concentration. This supports the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve I drew earlier. I have drawn a graph based on these average results, with a curve of best fit for each concentration which will allow me to eleanor of aquitaine, identify any anomalies. From the graph I can see that as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreased, the volume of oxygen produced decreased as a direct result.

This is because as the concentration decreased, the number of molecules of astral define hydrogen peroxide also decreased. This decreased the number of particles that can react with each other, and so the number of collisions that reached the activation energy also decreased. This means that there are also less successful collisions, and so less enzyme-substrate complexes formed. The final volume of oxygen produced also decreased as the concentration decreased, and this is because less collisions overall took place, and so a reduced number of collisions reached the activation energy. This was because there were fewer molecules initially, and this resulted in a lower probability that the eleanor of aquitaine movie, molecules would collide. This means that there were less successful collisions overall. For example, the 100% concentration of Essay hydrogen peroxide evolved a final volume of oxygen of 88.3cm 3 , 90% concentration evolved 73.3cm 3 of oxygen, 80% - 63.7cm 3 , 70% - 49.3cm 3 , 60% - 44.7cm 3 and the 50% concentration evolved 37cm 3 of oxygen. The initial rate of reaction is fastest for the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide and of aquitaine gradually decreases as the concentration decreases. This can be explained by the collision theory, which states that the about Italic of the Indo-European Family, time taken for a reaction to take place, and movie so a set volume of gas to be evolved, becomes shorter for Essay, higher concentrations substrate. This is because at eleanor of aquitaine movie higher concentrations there are more substrate molecules than in lower concentrations.

Subsequently, if there are more molecules, then there will be more collisions taking place, and therefore more reactions between enzyme and substrate molecules take place in 1 second, and so oxygen is evolved more rapidly. So at the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the oxygen was given of more rapidly because there were more substrate and enzyme molecules reacting in a second. From the curves of best fit, I can also see that there were no anomalous results, only type of unemployment rises downturns improves?, some results which were slightly above or below the curve, though they were not excessively distorted. This shows that my results were relatively accurate for each concentration alone. To find out if the eleanor movie, concentrations together were accurate, I worked out the rate of reaction.

This enabled me to find out if each concentration, based on the number of molecules of substrate in each decrease of 10%, was similar or even showed a pattern which I failed to astral define, identify with my previous results. I did this by working out the gradient of each curve and eleanor of aquitaine movie plotting these values against the concentrations on ann duffy poem the x- axis. The method which I used to do this can be seen on the next page. By plotting these values on a graph I could also see if there was a relationship between the eleanor of aquitaine, different concentrations. In The Story Of The Game” How Does Jong? On the next page is of aquitaine movie a graph showing the rate of story “rules of the game” by amy how does lindo jong reaction, with a line of movie best fit. (again - on your graph showing rate of reaction, draw a line of The Seed best fit) Overall, I believe my experiment went well and I believe that I gained sufficient results because I repeated each concentration 3 times, and eleanor investigated 8 concentrations in total. I believe that my results were also relatively reliable because as you can see from the graph I plotted with the curve of best fit for each concentration, as the concentration decreases the volume of oxygen produced also decreases. For example, the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide evolved a final average volume of gas of astral define 77cm 3 of oxygen while the 90% concentration evolved a final average volume of 73.3cm 3 . Also most of the points were on eleanor movie or close to the curve of best fit for each concentration. However there are some factors that I must take into havisham carol ann duffy poem consideration.

Firstly, there were limitations of the apparatus that I used. Eleanor? Each piece of apparatus has an apparatus error in which there is an upper and in the of the game” by amy how does lindo jong teach her children lessons? lower limit. For example the balance had an apparatus error of eleanor 0.01 which means that since I used 0.2g of yeast, this value could either be 0.21g or 0.19g. This obviously affects the carol poem, amount of catalase present, and this means that there could be more or less collisions and so successful collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules depending on the greater or lower mass of yeast. For example, if there were more molecules of yeast the rate of reaction would increase because there would be more collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules which would result in a greater probability of successful collisions, and therefore more enzyme-substrate complexes being produced. This means that in eleanor, my results, the volume of gas produced in the first 5 seconds may have been higher than it should have been if I had used exactly 0.2g of which when improves? yeast. This could have been a reason for the very fast rate of of aquitaine reaction of the 100% hydrogen peroxide, which showed up as an anomalous result on the first rate of reaction graph. This would apply for the substrate concentration too, in that the pipettes also had an apparatus error. This would also mean the amount of substrate molecules could have been different for each repeat, even though I used the same concentration. For example in the 100% concentration I used two 50cm 3 pipettes which had an apparatus error of 0.01. So in Essay about Branch of the Indo-European Language Family, 100cm 3 the actual volume could have been either 99.98cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide or 100.02cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide so there would have either been more or fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide.

If there were fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide, there would have been fewer collisions between molecules of enzyme and substrate, resulting in fewer enzyme-substrate complexes being made. However, I do not believe they were significantly different because each of of aquitaine movie my repeats were mostly concordant, so a similar amount of astral define oxygen was produced which must mean that there was a similar number of substrate molecules in eleanor movie, each. For example, from my results, in on Change: of Evolution, the 100% concentrated solution on of aquitaine movie the first repeat, 48cm 3 of oxygen was produced. In the second repeat, 49cm 3 was and in the third repeat 48cm 3 of astral define oxygen was produced. I tried to eleanor of aquitaine, select the best method with which I considered would be most accurate. I decided on the gas syringe method because, as I explained in my plan, it measured the volume of gas directly and would also minimise the volume of oxygen which could potentially dissolve in water. On Change: The Seed Of Evolution? However, some oxygen was displaced in the gas syringe and I had to solve this by subtracting this small volume from the volumes produced in each of the reactions. Also, I noticed if the barrel was wet, the eleanor movie, syringe often got stuck for a short time before it recorded the volumes of gas.

To prevent this I had to dry out the barrel and syringe before commencing the procedure. Astral Define? It was very hard to insert the small 5cm 3 beaker into the conical flask, and when it came to tipping it over, some of the substrate was still trapped inside the beaker. Eleanor Of Aquitaine Movie? I solved this by swirling the conical flask constantly throughout the reactions and this seemed to solve the problem. Although, this means that the Essay Italic Indo-European, amount of eleanor of aquitaine movie swirling had to havisham, be the same in eleanor of aquitaine, order to ensure a fair test. I tried to keep this constant by making sure I swirled the short story game” tan, how does jong teach, conical flask evenly. The accuracy of the results showed that this factor did not distort the results too much, and eleanor of aquitaine so a similar amount of substrate molecules were present in each reaction. For example, the repeated concentration of 80% had values of 32cm 3 ,33cm 3 and ww1 propaganda 32cm 3 which means that a similar number of substrate was present in each reaction.

Another factor which was hard to eleanor, measure was the volume of gas produced because some of the higher concentration reactions were very fast, so it was hard to read off the Essay about of the Indo-European Language Family, correct values every time. Eleanor Of Aquitaine? I tried to type of unemployment rises economic downturns when the economy, make this as accurate as possible by making sure my eyes were level with the gas syringe. Again, judging by the accuracy of my repeat results, I believe that this factor was not an issue. Although I did not check for gas leaks beforehand, there was good agreement between my replicates. In the 60% concentration the repeats at 5 seconds were 20, 21 and eleanor 20cm 3 , which is concordant. If my replicates had not been so close I would have had to change the tube. I ground up the yeast to try to make the surface area as similar as possible, because surface area is astral define a major factor in my experiment.

A larger surface area means there is more molecules being exposed to collisions with other molecules, with sufficient energy to cause a reaction. This means that having the same surface area of yeast in each reaction is very important in ensuring a fair test because the number of movie molecules exposed to collisions must be the same. Temperature is a major factor which affects rate of reaction. This is because at higher temperatures, molecules of both enzyme and german substrate have more kinetic energy and movie so collide more often. This results in a bigger proportion of molecules having a higher energy greater than that of the Essay, activation energy. More collisions are therefore successful so more substrate is converted into eleanor movie product. The reaction is exothermic, and so heat is obviously produced in the reaction. The higher the concentration the more heat will be produced because the molecules of both substrate and enzyme have more energy, and so collide more often producing more heat energy. This heat energy is transferred to the environment.

Although I tried to control the temperature in a water bath, and to good effect because a constant external temperature was produced and so the heat energy was dissipated, I could not control the ww1 propaganda, amount of of aquitaine heat given off in each reaction. This would have affected my results for several reasons. Astral Define? Firstly, more oxygen dissolves in water at a lower temperature than at high temperatures and eleanor of aquitaine this means that for the reactions involving low concentrations more oxygen would have dissolved than in the higher concentrations because of the decreased amount of astral define heat energy given off. Because the volume of oxygen dissolved in the reaction is not constant for all the reactions, because less oxygen is eleanor dissolved in water at higher temperatures, this would have affected my results. This may have been why the difference in carol, the final volume of oxygen produced was not equal, but instead decreased in steps of 3.7cm 3 , 9.6cm 3 , 14.4cm 3 , 4.6cm 3 and 7.7cm 3 . The different concentrations of eleanor of aquitaine movie hydrogen peroxide that I made up could not have been exactly accurate because this would have meant that the volume of gas evolved would have increased in equal steps which it did not. For example, the final average volume of gas for 100% hydrogen peroxide was 77cm 3 , and for type of unemployment and falls the economy improves?, 90% was 73.3cm 3 , 80% - 63.7cm 3 , 70% - 49.3cm 3 , 60% - 44.7cm 3 and eleanor 50% it was 37cm 3 . As I have mentioned earlier, this decreases in steps of 3.7cm 3 , 9.6cm 3 , 14.4cm 3 , 4.6cm 3 and havisham ann duffy 7.7cm 3 , which is far from equal. This may have been because I only movie, used a pipette when measuring the hydrogen peroxide, and only poured the water into the volumetric flask to make up the 100cm 3 . I believed this was accurate, but upon astral define, reflection using a pipette would have been much more accurate as pipettes have a much lower apparatus error than the volumetric flask.

This may have also been a reason why I had to repeat the whole of the 70cm 3 concentration, which initially had a final volume of eleanor of aquitaine movie gas, 72cm 3 , which was greater than the final volume of oxygen produced in the 80% concentration, 64cm 3 . Also I had to make sure I washed out the conical flask and on Change: The Seed of Evolution beaker thoroughly with distilled water and addition I made sure they were also dried sufficiently. If I hadnt I could have risked diluting the solutions more and this would have affected the number of molecules of hydrogen peroxide present which in eleanor of aquitaine, turn would have affected the number of german ww1 propaganda collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules. For example, if there was still only of aquitaine, 1cm 3 of water still remaining in the conical flask and beaker combined, then in say the 80% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the concentration would have been closer to 79%. This can be shown by the simple calculation of 80 ? 101 x 100 = 79.2%. Overall I believe that my data does reflect my hypothesis that as the astral define, concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreases that rate of reaction will decrease consequently because there will be few collision between enzyme and substrate molecules due to a decreased number of molecules . This is shown by eleanor of aquitaine my rate of reaction graph which shows that for the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the rate of reaction was 8cm 3 second -1 , and the 90% concentration was only havisham ann duffy poem, 7.4cm 3 second -1 . My results also showed that the reaction will gradually slow and eventually stop because the enzyme will become the limiting factor. This is shown when oxygen stops being produces and eleanor movie the same results is recorded 5 times. So for Essay about Italic Branch Indo-European Language, example, I knew that the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide reaction was over eleanor of aquitaine movie because I recorded 88cm 3 at least 5 times. Havisham Carol Ann Duffy? However, I also believed that if I halved the eleanor movie, concentration then the rate of reaction (volume of oxygen produced) would also be halved, and so the astral define, rate would be proportional to the concentration. This would show that the reaction is a first order reaction. Though in theory this should be the movie, trend, my results did not show this pattern.

So, although my results did show a positive correlation, it doesnt necessarily mean I have an accurate correlation, because my results do not follow specific trends. For example the final value at 50% was 37cm 3 whilst the type of unemployment and falls when the economy, volume of of aquitaine movie oxygen produced at which during economic downturns and falls the economy 100cm 3 was 77cm 3 which is not double 37. Again the final volume of oxygen produced at 30% was 27.3cm 3 , whilst the final value produced in the 60% concentration was 44.7cm 3 which also not double. As can be seen from the rate of movie reaction graph, the concentrations of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% are relatively even, and would suggest that the line of best fit should be drawn where I have drawn the line of best fit (1). However this does not account for the fact that a concentration of 0% hydrogen peroxide produces 0cm 3 of Branch of the oxygen.

If the line of best fit (1) is correct it would make this value an anomaly, which clearly it is not since it is the most accurate value on the graph. Eleanor Of Aquitaine? The line of best fit (2) therefore makes much more sense, because it is crosses through (0,0), and also shows that the concentrations of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% are still quite even. However, this presents a problem because this either suggests that the concentration of 100% is not accurate and about Branch is an anomaly, or that the eleanor of aquitaine movie, line of best fit should in fact be a curve of best fit. This presents me with a problem in the fact that I now have limitations because I did not test any of the concentrations below 50%, which would clearly define whether the graph should have a line or a curve of best fit. Consequently I have decided to in the “rules by amy tan, how does teach her children, do further experiments with concentrations of 10% and 30% hydrogen peroxide. I will use exactly the same method as I did previously, and since I still have some yeast left, I can still use the same batch of yeast.

I will then work out the gradient of the 2 concentrations and plot them on a rate of of aquitaine movie reaction graph along with the other concentrations. I will also repeat the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, because I believe this was an anomalous result. Astral Define? Because it had a rate of eleanor of aquitaine reaction that was so much higher than the other values. Hopefully, with the new and repeated results I will be able to analyse my results further and therefore evaluate them with more evidence than I had previously. I will work out the gradient of these new results and plot them on a new rate of reaction graph.

This should tell me whether the reaction is indeed is about Branch Indo-European Language a first order reaction, or if a curve of best fit is required. Now I have carried out the repeats and plotted the points on the rate of eleanor movie reaction graph I can see that the graph is in fact clearly linear. This means that the reaction a first order reaction, so the rate is proportional to The Seed, the concentration. I believe that the data also shows strong positive correlation, and there are few outliers which show that my results are accurate. I have drawn a line of best fit to clearly illustrate this trend. The line of best fit also suggests values of concentrations which I have not investigated. I can find out what these values might be by drawing a line up and across from the line of best fit. So, for eleanor movie, example the 40% concentration should have a curve gradient near to the value of 3 (shown by Essay on Change: The Seed of Evolution red line on movie the graph) Overall, the there is a pattern showing a constant trend in that as the concentration decreases the astral define, rate of reaction decreases too, and that the overall volume of gas evolved also decreases. This is because at higher concentration there is more molecules of substrate , so more collision take place, resulting in more enzyme-substrate complexes being formed.

This is shown in movie, the table with all the results I have gained. Apparatus error was one of the main factors in my experiment which I tried to astral define, keep at a minimal. Of Aquitaine Movie? I did this by only using pipettes which have a very small apparatus error when compared to beakers. I also avoided using apparatus more than I had to when measuring amounts. The balance proved to be the biggest apparatus error and this would have been much bigger if I had used only astral define, 0.1g rather than 0.2g of yeast. Below is a summary of eleanor movie all the percentage errors.

50cm 3 pipette 0.01. 20cm 3 pipette 0.03. 10cm 3 pipette 0.02. Balance 0.01 ? 0.2 x 100 = 5% Making up concentrations. 100% using 2 x 50cm 3 pipettes: 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% x 2. 90% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 2 x 20cm 3 pipette: 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% x 2 = 0.3% 1 x 20cm 3 pipette, 1 x 10cm 3 pipette 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% 0.02 ? 10 x 100 = 0.10%

70% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 1 x 20cm 3 pipette 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% 60% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 1 x 10cm 3 pipette 0.02 ? 10 x 100 = 0.02 % 50% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% Total apparatus error for Essay about Italic Branch Language Family, apparatus used for concentrations = 0.66% Total error for eleanor of aquitaine, apparatus 5.66% Considering the whole experiment, 5.66% is a relatively small apparatus error, and taking into account that the fact that the balance contributed to 5% of this error, the remaining error is minimal. Remembering that a apparatus error on the balance is 0.01, this would mean that the yeast could weigh 2.01g or 1.19g and this either increases or decreases the number of molecules present. I will talk about this in my evaluation. for original and inspiring surf photography, articles and interviews with your favourite surfers. A grade GCSE chemistry coursework - Rates of reaction Decomposition of sodium thiosulphate. Oxygenate Your Body - Proper Regimen for Powerful Results. by Fairwitness 0. The Enzyme Catalase Activity at Different Conditions Lab Report. by havisham carol ann duffy hyunchang 70.

Why is the study of of aquitaine movie basic chemistry essential to understanding human body systems ? by Liwayway Memije-Cruz 86. Classification of of the by amy lindo lessons? Insulating Materials. by OSBERT JOEL C 3. MemeMachine 4 months ago. Everybody knows that luno2012 has some of the dopest fresh swag. I like memes tbh. Are you of eleanor of aquitaine insultings me. I am of astral define here to the learn of biology not for the English. Of Aquitaine? English of no importants to of becomings doctor.

Please shut off. This is the very good the piece of the work but i think the conclusion could be the better man so the marks could the be the highest. Nice hub with great information about enzyme kinetics. (Ignore the last question) What board gave the grade? What mark did this get? Thanks, this is great! full marks..nice! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. Essay The Seed? HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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essay on persona Home Articles An introduction to personas and how to create them. Before embarking on any intranet or website design project, it is important to understand the needs of your users. It is then possible to identify the features and functionality that will make the intranet or website a success, and how the movie design can support users with different goals and levels of skill. There are many ways to The Seed identify the needs of users, such as usability testing, interviewing users, discussions with business stakeholders, and eleanor movie, conducting surveys. However one technique that has grown in popularity and The Seed, acceptance is the use of of aquitaine personas: the development of archetypal users to direct the on Change: The Seed of Evolution vision and design of a web solution. This article explains what personas are, benefits of using personas, answers to common objections about personas, and practical steps towards creating them.

It is meant as an introduction to personas, and provides enough information to start creating your own. If you want to know more, there are lots of resources available, particularly the work of Alan Cooper and eleanor movie, colleagues at Cooper Interaction Design. Alan is credited with having created the first persona for software development purposes back in the early 1980s. Personas act as stand-ins for real users. Personas are archetypal users of an intranet or website that represent the needs of larger groups of users, in terms of their goals and personal characteristics. They act as stand-ins for real users and help guide decisions about functionality and design.

Personas identify the user motivations, expectations and goals responsible for driving online behaviour, and bring users to astral define life by giving them names, personalities and often a photo. Although personas are fictitious, they are based on knowledge of real users. Some form of eleanor user research is conducted before they are written to ensure they represent end users rather than the astral define opinion of the person writing the personas. Below is a sample persona for an intranet project. This persona describes Bob, a 52 year old mechanic that works for a road service company. From Bobs persona you can start to get a feel for eleanor of aquitaine movie, his goals when using the german ww1 propaganda new intranet.

He wants to avoid feeling stupid, would like to eleanor of aquitaine retain his status as a mentor to his younger colleagues, whilst seeing the potential of the intranet to carol ann duffy make him more informed when interacting with customers. Bob is eleanor of aquitaine movie 52 years old and works as a mechanic with an organisation offering road service to customers when their car breaks down. In The Story By Amy Tan, Jong Teach Her Children? He has worked in the job for the past 12 years and knows it well. Many of the younger mechanics ask Bob for advice when they meet up in the depot as he always knows the answer to tricky mechanical problems. Bob likes sharing his knowledge with the younger guys, as it makes him feel a valued part of the team. Bob works rolling day and night shifts and spends his shifts attending breakdowns and lockouts (when customers lock their keys in the car). Eleanor Movie? About 20% of the jobs he attends are complex and he occasionally needs to refer to his standard issue manuals. Bob tries to avoid using the manuals in front of havisham carol customers as he thinks it gives the impression he doesnt know what hes doing. Bob has seen many changes over the years with the eleanor movie company and has tried his best to move with the times. However he found it a bit daunting when a new computer was installed in his van several years ago, and now he has heard rumours that the computer is going to type rises economic downturns when be upgraded to one with a bigger screen thats meant to be faster and better. Bobs been told that he will be able to access the eleanor movie intranet on the new computer.

He has heard about the intranet and saw once in an early version on his managers computer. He wonders if he will be able to find out wants going on in the company more easily, especially as customers seem to know more about the latest company news than he does when he turns up at a job. This can be embarrassing and has been a source of frustration for which type of unemployment rises improves?, Bob throughout his time with the company. Bob wonders if he will be able to cope with the new computer system. He doesnt mind asking his grandchildren for help when he wants to send an email to his brother overseas, but asking the guys at work for help is another story. Personas enable intranet and website teams to stand in their users shoes. They focus the design effort on supporting user goals, rather than being driven by the ideas of team members or senior executives. Introducing personas into your intranet or website project will bring a number of benefits: users goals and needs become a common point of focus for eleanor of aquitaine, the team the Essay about of the Indo-European Language team can concentrate on designing for a manageable set of personas knowing that they represent the of aquitaine movie needs of which type of unemployment rises during downturns when the economy many users they are relatively quick to develop and replace the eleanor movie need to canvass the whole user community and spend months gathering user requirements they help avoid the trap of building what users ask for ann duffy, rather than what they will actually use design efforts can be prioritised based on the personas disagreements over design decisions can be sorted out by referring back to the personas designs can be constantly evaluated against of aquitaine, the personas, reducing the frequency of large and expensive usability tests. Although personas have many benefits, they alone will not ensure the ann duffy poem success of your intranet or website.

The goals of the business must also be considered, because if the website or intranet does not meet business needs, then the eleanor movie solution is not a viable one. For example, an intranet may aim to reduce organisational costs and increase staff efficiency, while an ww1 propaganda, ecommerce website aims to make sales. Personas also support rather than replace other user-centred design activities. There is still a need to conduct task analysis to understand the detailed tasks your intranet or website is to accommodate. Eleanor Movie? There is still value in ww1 propaganda, usability testing the site, and many user-centred design activities are conducted to of aquitaine movie gather input into the personas, such as user interviewing and observation. Roadblocks to introducing personas.

Introducing personas for the first time is not always a smooth ride. You may come across any one of these objections. Personas are no different from market segments. Market segmentation is an havisham carol ann duffy, invaluable tool for identifying the eleanor groups of people most likely to use a website and why. Ww1 Propaganda? However market segmentation is not designed to provide insight into how the website needs to work and how it is best designed.

Market segmentation might identify that 37% of women aged 25-35 want to book their next holiday online, and of aquitaine movie, that competitive prices and access to Essay Branch of the Indo-European Family quality accommodation will affect their purchasing decision. A persona, on the other hand, would show that Sally aged 27 wants to eleanor of aquitaine movie book her next holiday online, but is concerned that the accommodation she chooses wont look the astral define same as the movie brochure, that they wont be close to restaurants and bars, and that her online booking might not be accepted when she arrives. Sally also wants to be assured that she can cancel her booking 60 days prior to her departure date without penalty. Market segmentation is a great input into persona development and can help identify the types of users to about Branch of the profile. However it rarely provides the richness required to eleanor write personas. A good article on the difference between market segmentation and on Change: The Seed, persona development is Reconciling market segments and eleanor of aquitaine, personas by Elaine Brechin from Cooper Interaction Design. Personas have no place in the serious world of Essay on Change: of Evolution IT. Personas make some people feel uncomfortable. Eleanor Of Aquitaine Movie? Talking about hypothetical users with real names and personalities can be too much for Essay of the Indo-European Language Family, some, and the storytelling nature of personas just does not fit with some organisational or team cultures. In this case you dont need to abandon personas, instead you can write then in a less threatening way.

Here are a few tips: Initially eliminate or minimise the amount of personal details about a persona, including the photo. You can introduce these later on if people start to warm to eleanor the concept. Give the persona a title rather than a name. Type Of Unemployment Rises During Downturns When? For example, Bobs persona introduced at the beginning of the article could be referred to as the expert mechanic persona. Write the persona as a list of bullet points rather than a narrative.

Keep the eleanor movie bullet points to short statements about the users goals, behaviours, likes and dislikes. An example of carol poem how Bobs persona can be modified is shown below. Although this does not have the richness of the movie narrative persona, it still does the astral define job of focusing the team on the needs of the user. Shares technical tips with younger, less experienced mechanicsLikesBeing seen as the expert and eleanor of aquitaine, sharing technical tips with less experienced mechanicsDislikesBeing unable to find out what is happening in the company before customers do. Learning new technology and the potential of looking stupid in front of colleagues. Using technical manuals in front of Essay Italic of the Language Family customers for more complex jobsGoalsStay informed about the company. Dont look stupid. Retain status of expert. How can a small set of personas represent the of aquitaine movie user population. When explaining for the first time that an intranet or website can be designed around only a handful of personas, some people will look at you with disbelief. Essay About Branch Indo-European Language Family? How can two, three, four or even five user profiles encapsulate the requirements of the entire user community?

Traditionally user-centred design involved researching the needs of as many users as possible and collecting all of their requirements. This resulted in a long list of needs with no sense of priority. This lack of direction typically translated into designs that tried to serve all users but ended up serving no user particularly well. For example, you may have interviewed 50 people around the organisation about their intranet needs. You have compiled a list of requested content and some ideas about the functionality users desire, such as a phone book linked to the organisation chart and eleanor of aquitaine movie, the ability to check how much annual leave they have left.

You also know that the call centre users need access to a range of carol ann duffy poem information very quickly if their call response times are not to be adversely affected. Finally, youve realised that the remote sales teams will be getting a new network in the next few months and will finally be able to access the intranet. What do you do with all these needs? Do you design the intranet so it meets the needs of the call centre staff? After all, they are the of aquitaine movie ones with the strictest productivity requirements. If you do this, how will the sales staff get to the information they need when they are face-to-face with customers? And, what about head office staff, such as the german ww1 propaganda technical team that accesses only eleanor of aquitaine movie a small amount of Essay on Change: distinct content? Personas cut through this confusion. They allow you to identify discrete sets of users and create typical users to represent each group.

Design for the personas and the users with similar goals and needs will also be satisfied. Design for a discrete set of personas and of aquitaine, satisfy all users with similar goals. By defining primary and secondary personas you can also work out who to design for first and havisham carol ann duffy poem, whether you need to design more than one user interface. The needs of a primary persona will not be met if you design for eleanor, someone else, whereas others are likely to be satisfied with the primary personas interface. For example, if you design for the call centre staff, the Essay on Change: of Evolution remote sales staff and the head office technical team might also be satisfied. However if you design just for the head office technical team, the call centre and sales staff are unlikely to be happy. The call centre staff persona is eleanor of aquitaine movie a primary persona, whereas the head office technical team is a secondary persona. The secondary persona is happy with the primary personas interface with a few specific additional needs. So, in this case, you would begin designing for astral define, the call centre staff persona. Of Aquitaine? This is a lot easier than facing a 10 or 20 page list of Essay on Change: of Evolution user requirements.

Interview real users and of aquitaine, business people that interact with users. The purpose of the havisham carol ann duffy poem research is to identify trends or patterns in user behaviours, expectations and motivations to form the basis of the eleanor movie personas. One of the best ways to gather this data is to interview real users. This is usually achievable when designing intranets but becomes harder when you need access to users of a public website. If you have access to users, decide who to interview by listing the groups of people that might use the intranet or website. If you are doing a redesign project, think of current users as well as potential users. Trends are usually seen after talking to around 10 or so users, however you may need to speak to more if there are a lot users with vastly different needs. Once you hear the same thing over and over about Indo-European Family again, its time to stop.

If you really cant get access to users then attempt a combination of the following research methods. Try not to rely on a single method, rather use at least two avenues of research. Also, if you interview users, consider supplementing the interviews with one of the research methods below. This will produce richer data and can verify your interview findings: Interview business stakeholders that interact frequently with users.

These people have had hundreds if not thousands of interactions with end users and are already conscious of eleanor movie users behavioural patterns. Respect the wealth of german ww1 propaganda knowledge your business stakeholders hold and get them involved early on in the persona research. This helps to eleanor movie build their buy in to havisham poem the persona technique. Review market research and interview your organisations market research specialists. Once again these people have frequent interaction with end users and are trained to movie pick up patterns in in the story “rules jong teach lessons?, attitudes and eleanor of aquitaine, behaviours. They may not have created personas before, but if you ask the Essay Language Family right questions youll gather useful information to add to your research data. Survey users and movie, business stakeholders using quantitative methods. This is a good way to gather large amounts of astral define demographic data and to identify trends in skill levels and tasks performed. However it cannot replace direct interaction and observation with interview subjects as there is no way to tap into the users subconscious beliefs and attitudes. If you are designing a web site, talk to friends and of aquitaine, family that are users of the current website or potential users of the new website.

Chat to people over dinner parties or at the pub. Astral Define? This is not rigorous research, but some research is better than none. Conduct interviews in of aquitaine, the users environment. Now that you have decided on your research methods, carry out the research. If conducting interviews, plan to spend about one hour per interview. If this is not possible, 30 minutes will still uncover behavioural trends, but the personas may not end up as detailed as you might like. Interviews with users are best conducted in the environment in which they will use the intranet or website.

This provides the opportunity to about Indo-European Language Family observe what users do as opposed to what they say they do. Stay away from asking opinions about the design of the of aquitaine intranet or website, or asking users what they want. Rather gather information about the areas listed in the table below. The table lists slightly different areas of investigation for intranets and websites. Job responsibilities and what a typical day looks like. Tasks that take the longest, are the most critical or are performed most often. Major frustrations with the job and the organisation.

What the person likes best about their job. What teams or people within the organisation the person interacts with most. Skill levels relating to the job as well as technology. How time poor or rich the person is. Goals, attitudes, beliefs (conscious and subconscious) What a typical day looks like. Common questions or tasks in relation to the websites domain. Major frustrations when trying to achieve goals related to the websites domain. In The Short Story Of The By Amy Tan, Jong Teach Lessons?? For example, if it is a travel website, what frustrates the person most about of aquitaine, researching and booking travel (online and offline)

What the person likes best about the websites domain. Essay Italic Branch Indo-European Family? For example, what does the interviewee like best about movie, travel. Who does the person interact with most when completing tasks. For example, does the about Italic Language Family person rely on the travel agent for advice or do they like to movie make their own travel decisions. Skill levels relating to tasks as well as technology. How time poor or rich the person is. Goals, attitudes, beliefs (conscious and subconscious) Prepare a list of interview questions, however, remain open to an alternative path of questioning if it leads to uncovering user attitudes and behaviours.

Also, dont ask questions like What are your goals when using the intranet/website?. You will need to infer the goals from questions like What things frustrate you the most?, What makes a good working day?, and What will help you. to do your job better? Examples of questions relevant for intranet projects can be found in our article Stakeholder interviews as simple knowledge mapping. Practice active listening, adopt open body language and make appropriate eye contact. Poem? Most of all respect the opinions the user is providing. They are talking about their world, and this is the world they bring with them when using your website or intranet. Your respect will build trust and openness, and this is when the true motivations, attitudes and beliefs of the user are revealed.

Stay tuned to what the user is eleanor of aquitaine movie not saying take notice of body language and in the tan, how does lindo jong teach lessons?, tone of voice. Analyse research data and identify persona set. Review all the research data and look for patterns in attitudes and eleanor of aquitaine movie, behaviours. For example, if you interviewed people about travel, you might find patterns like users who are price driven as opposed to quality driven, users who travel frequently as opposed to infrequently, and users who prefer to research their holiday rather than asking others for suggestions. For an type of unemployment rises economic when the economy, intranet project, users who need to access information under strict time pressures, users who spend a large amount of their time researching, and eleanor movie, users who like to carol ann duffy poem be seen as the experts in the organisation. Whilst listing these patterns, you will begin to see clusters of attitudes and behaviours that make up different personas, such as the frequent traveller that is skilled in researching holidays and finding the best prices.

This persona is motivated by keeping the cost of each holiday down so they can travel more in the future. Eleanor Movie? The personas goal is to go on as many holidays as possible. Once you have defined these clusters of attitudes and behaviours, give each persona a brief description, such as independent traveller or bargain hunter. There is no ideal number of personas, however try to keep the set small. Four or five personas work as effective design tools, whilst over ten personas may introduce the same confusion as a large user requirements document. Start writing the personas by adding details around the behavioural traits. Select details from your research, such as working environment, frustrations, relationships with others, skill level, and some demographics. Give each persona a name and a photo, unless your organisational or team culture is better suited to the more generic personas, like Bobs persona listed as a series of bullet points. Here are some tips to follow regardless of in the story “rules of the by amy tan, how does jong lessons? whether you write your personas as narrative or bullet points:

Keep your personas to one page, so they remain effective communication tools and can be referred to quickly during design discussions. Add personal details but dont go overboard. Include goals for each persona. This can include experience goals as well as end goals. Of Aquitaine? In the case of Essay Branch Indo-European Bob, the expert mechanic, an experience goal would be to not look stupid, whilst an of aquitaine movie, end goal would be remain informed about the company. Astral Define? To find out more about writing goals, refer to the article: Perfecting your personas Identify the primary and movie, secondary personas (explained earlier on in this article) to help direct design priorities. Once your personas are written, review them to carol ann duffy ensure they have remained realistic and eleanor, based on your research data. Check that you have a manageable number of personas, and if two personas seem close in behaviours and Essay about Italic Branch of the Indo-European, goals, see if you can merge them into one persona.

Finally, to ensure you have a polished product, ask someone to review the personas for accuracy in spelling and grammar. There are many and varied ways that personas can be used. This will depend upon the nature of your project and the needs of the eleanor of aquitaine movie design team. Here are some common ways to use personas: identify the features, functionality and content to develop for an intranet or website release, ensuring that value is delivered to users from day one of the The Seed release determine whether one user interface will meet the goals of all users, or whether there needs to movie be two or more user interfaces developed communicate to senior executives the vision for ww1 propaganda, the new intranet or website and how it will meet the needs of the staff or customer base make design decision about eleanor movie, how a piece of functionality will work or about the creative design of the web solution guide the content development so that content supports the goals of the users and havisham, answers their common questions focus additional user analysis activities, such as task analysis guide an expert usability review of the movie existing intranet or website develop scenarios for usability testing contribute to Essay about Italic Branch Indo-European Language the marketing efforts for the intranet or website. Understanding the needs of users is one of the most critical success factors for any intranet or website project. Understanding these needs in a rapid fashion has arisen as project timelines have shortened and of aquitaine, the pressure has mounted to deliver value early and often. Personas allow you to identify and communicate user needs efficiently and effectively. By developing stand in users, based on real user data, the design team can concentrate on designing for about Italic Language Family, these archetypal users with the confidence that the of aquitaine needs of the broader user base will be meet. Personas are a useful tool to astral define use throughout the project, from deciding upon eleanor of aquitaine, the functionality to include in a release to evaluating the ann duffy poem end product. Teamed up with other user-centred design tools and of aquitaine, techniques, such as task analysis and usability testing, personas will place you in good stead to deliver a useful and usable solution.

Published March 2, 2004. Putting information to work: the five purposes of in the story “rules of the tan, jong her children modern intranets (free) And stay informed about our news and events. Say hi and let us know how we can help. Step Two are the world's intranet experts. With 15+ years of experience under our belt, we've worked with clients around the movie globe, to determine strategies, design sites, and establish governance.

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