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Edgar Lee Masters - Poet | Academy of American Poets
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Edgar Lee Masters - The Poem Tree
Journal of the Short Story in English. Les Cahiers de la nouvelle. The wishes and dreams our hearts make in Oates's Where are you going, where have you been? La nouvelle extraordinairement populaire de Joyces Carol Oates doit beaucoup a sa fascinante complexite, reformulant le mythe de Cendrillon pour aboutir a un commentaire penetrant sur la culture de consommation americaine qui valorise, tout comme le font les mondes evoques dans d'autres versions du conte, une domination male outranciere. Edgar Spoon River. La version donnee par Oates de ce conte de fee met en exergue l'ecart radical entre les reves de bonheur d'une jeune femme en Amerique et la cauchemardesque realite que donne a vivre une societe mercantile qui reduit la femme sous pretexte de l'exalter. Les topoi de l'histoire, rendus populaires par Walt Disney, sont evoques ici ou Connie reve de son Prince Charmant, Oates rappelant habilement par de nombreux details l'histoire de Cendrillon. Par consequent, la farce vicieuse de l'Amerique contemporaine se joue dans les verites affreuses de l'auto-parodie d'une vision de la vie naivement contradictoire d'une jeune femme – a la fois dans la version edulcoree de Disney et dans la version horrifique de Oates – une vision de la vie qu'ignore encore cette societe qui mesestime et devalorise la femme. 1 Richard Abcarian and Marvin Klotz, Literature: Reading and Writing the reflexive, Human Experience , 7 th Editi (. ) 2 Students focus, of course, on edgar lee masters river anthology the matter of whether Arnold Friend steals off with and murders Conn (. ) 1 Joyce Carol Oates’s story remains prominent among those short fictions most anthologized in American college texts--an achievement no doubt attributable to its enduring, wide-ranging appeal. About Cross-Cultural. Aside from having been made into Tom Cole’s screenplay and Joyce Chopra’s much-admired film Smooth Talk, the twice-award winning story has recently become the subject of a well-resourced casebook edited by lee masters river anthology Elaine Showalter; and it remains a fixture, even featured, in such first-line texts as Abcarian and Klotz’s Literature; Barnet, Berman, Burto, and Cain’s re-edition of definition Literature; Hans P. Lee Masters River. Guth and Gabriele L. Essay About Cross-Cultural. Rico’s DiscoveringLiterature; Lee Jacobus’s Literature; Kirzner and Mandell’s Literature, where it is featured in lee masters spoon a “Fiction Casebook”; and Ann Charters’ The Story and sparknotes, Its Writer as well as her (and Samuel Charters’) Literature and Its Writers.
In the spoon river, last regard it is also a staple in short fiction anthologies such as Bohner and Dougherty’s Short Fiction and Pickering’s Fiction 1001. Although highly regarded as a poet, essayist, novelist, playwright, and short fiction writer, Oates is best known to the general public as the brutus, author of “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” Consequently, although its first-time readers, typically college freshmen students, have been guided throughthe story’s seemingly inexhaustible trove of lee masters spoon river suggestive meanings, its idiosyncratic styling weaves, within its varied richness, a pattern worth studying that brings together distinctive elements of theme, characterization, structure, imagery, and sparknotes book, perspective in a format well ingrained in edgar lee masters river the American popular imagination. This pattern, although I have taught several different approaches to the story over adidas marketing plan the years, invokes something like a community of assent in edgar lee masters young readers, who dispute far more among other interpretations.2. 3 See the Introduction to the Casebook Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? edited by Elaine Sho (. ) 2 I would suggest that this popular young-reader-response comes from an American teen’s ‘grasp’ of a powerfully fixed cultural ‘handle’ available to us all, but especially to young people nowadays, particularly young students’ sense of a story. And I think that this pattern as crafted into the story by Joyce Carol Oates evokes that ever-unrealized zone between consciousness and unconsciousness shaped from marketing childhood--hers, ours, that of our students--recalling that ancient story modernized by edgar river anthology Charles Perrault, popularized by of Love Essay the brothers Grimm, and implanted in the collective American semi-consciousness by Walt Disney--the tale of “Cinderella”. Accordingly, Oates, in lee masters spoon anthology 1963 and then in her twenties herself,3 transformed most of the story’s principle features, carrying them forth from Connie’s psyche, especially through the Essay, content and tone of Connie’s “trashy” dreamy state, to reveal something deep and permanent within the mythic strata of lee masters troubled twentieth century ‘Cinderellan’ American life--something that the definition, young reader especially acknowledges in spoon river the process of self growing, learning, and valuing experience. 3 Connie’s dreamy escape, like Cinderella’s, although it promises pleasurable resolution, unfortunately brings unresolved tensions upon edgar spoon river anthology her, as they are upon 1984 many young women, and sometimes men, by a mass culture (the story’s audience--the “You” of the title) that, despite aspirations otherwise, unwarily depersonalizes, debases, and spoon, devours the feminine ideal, branding those young among us, especially girls attaining to womanhood, as nameless, faceless, even heedless victims of culturally prompted masculate sexual appetite, consumption, and disposal.
In fact, the standard merchandising of definition human sexuality, before men and women young and old, in river anthology the American marketplace, although oriented greatly towards foods, attaches itself to all manner of commodities, becoming evident most where expected least, in appealing to sparknotes 2, children’s dreams--those wondrous yet terrifying acts of human imagination, poised to aspire, and to ascend--yet dreams blandly controlled by lee masters spoon river anthology the huckster’s world illustrated in Barbie-Doll iconography, mindless pop music, arcane Miss Americana, heavily capitalized pornographia, all of sparknotes book 2 which inform Oates’s reading of “Cinderella”.A girl justly desires in the purity of her heart to be pretty, to feel good, to gain attention, and to be cherished--a dream in formation since early childhood. Edgar River Anthology. But all dreams become devalued in what Hamlet best terms “the base uses” to which we return--those deadly places where the definition, culture, following the misdirected human inclination, variably defined as we shall note, inevitably is “going.” Oates finds in the Cinderellan motif the pretensions and edgar, tensions of a serious, even tragic, contemporary conception of feminization targeted in the American predilection for merchandising flashy, readily consumable, and easily disposable commodities within a culture joyfully yet madly devouring its own resources of body, mind, and adidas marketing plan, spirit, as well as its capacity even to imagine such losses. 4 Gretchen Schultz and R.J.R. Rockwood, “In Fairyland, Without a Map: Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, (. ) 4 Much in the story’s fascinating complexity is rooted in its comprehensive stylistic involvement with the more recent versions, from Perrault to Disney, of the lee masters river anthology, Cinderella tradition. A few aspects of the Cinderella analogy have been noted in an account of how the “story is full of fairy tales.”4 But as diligently as this reading places the story in a tradition of monologue several popular tales such as “Snow White,” “The Three Little Pigs,” “Little Red Riding Hood,” “Cinderella,” and “The Genie in the Bottle,” it understates the psychological acumen with which Oates’s story imaginatively reformulates the lee masters, Cinderella mythos, placing it effectively within its cultural context.
For, as Bruno Bettelheim, among others, has observed, the Cinderella story enacts the Theories Essay, compensatory vision, dear to all children coming of lee masters river anthology age, that counteracts that universally seated conviction “deep within” the child “that Cinderella deserves her dejected state”: 5 Bruno Bettelheim, “‘Cinderella’: A Story of Sibling Rivalry and Oedipal Conflicts,” The Uses of En (. ) The oedipal disappointments which come at of Concentration, the end of this developmental stage cast deep shadows of doubt on the child’s sense of his worthiness. He feels that if he were really as deserving of love as he had thought, then his parents would never be critical of him or disappoint him. The only explanation for parental criticism the child can think of is that there must be some serious flaw in him which accounts for what he experiences as rejection.5. 5 The childhood-induced Oedipal flaw, as Bettelheim fails to observe, is not only universally compounded by the culture, but it is principally represented in the culture as characteristic of feminine reality. Therefore, Connie, by ‘acting out’ her Oedipal resentment--in wishing her mother dead (the very condition of Cinderella’s mother in spoon river anthology the tale)--further problematizes her fate, adding, Bettelheim might say, “another reason to feel guilty.” Therefore, such multiplied guilt “about desires to be dirty and disorderly” ultimately in the most honorific sense “makes every child identify with Cinderella, who is relegated to Essay about Cross-Cultural, sit among the spoon river, cinders”: Since the child has such “dirty” wishes, that is where he also belongs, and where he would end up if his parents knew of his desires. Brutus Monologue. This is why every child needs to believe that even if he were thus degraded, eventually he would be rescued from such degradation and experience the most wonderful exaltation--as Cinderella does.6.
7 Jane Yolen, “America’s ‘Cinderella,’” from Children’s Literature in edgar spoon river anthology Education, 8 (Curtis Brown, 19 (. ) 8 “Walt Disney’s ‘Cinderella’” adapted by Campbell Grant in Lack of Concentration in Students Essay Writing and Reading Across the Curriculu (. Edgar Lee Masters Spoon River Anthology. ) 9 All references to the text of “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” are taken from the caseb (. ) 10 In Disney’s , Grimm’s, and Perrault’s versions because Cinderella works she is ‘dirty’ whereas in Theories of Love (. Lee Masters. ) 6 Bettelheim, referring to “every” child, remains curiously blind to the distinctively victimized status of the monologue, girl as featured in edgar lee masters spoon river anthology the tale (along, for that matter, in brutus monologue other tales from edgar lee masters river childhood such as “Snow White,” “Little Red Riding Hood,” and brutus monologue, “Little Miss Muffet”). But prior to satisfying her need to river anthology, be released from marketing such ‘dirty’ ‘shame,’ the feminine child, far more than the masculine child, must obediently endure her earth-bound affliction. Edgar River Anthology. In Perrault’s fairy tale, from Cross-Cultural Business his Contes de ma mere l’Oye , the less transfigured young maid--gentile, refined, and gracious--is called “Cinderbottom” (“Cendrillon”) as in the brothers Grimm version she is known as “Ashputtle” because, as the edgar, authors have it, “she always looked dusty and dirty.”7 The Disney version, playing lightly off the name by invoking “Cinderella,”8 covers up but cannot remove the stains of sparknotes grimy guilt from this chariest maiden: Cinderella, as if deserving, is punished in having to do the ‘dirty’ work, and she fully accepts her ‘soiled’ role as her lot in life. Connie likewise is immediately associated with and helplessly mired in uncleanliness from the outset of the story. Her mother’s first words to her--“Why don’t you keep your room clean like your sister?”9 --convey by an inexact analogy an exact contrast: The youthful Connie is ‘dirty’ and suspect, while the matured June is ‘clean’ and edgar river anthology, therefore the more favored.10 Connie’s hair, which is “dark blonde”--she is Cross-Cultural Business, told, and edgar river, as we suggestively learn, “stinks,” but that of Lack her sister, free from lee masters spoon river such unacceptable filth, doesn’t. June wins praise for her domestic virtue, for “she helped clean the 1984, house and cooked,” while “Connie couldn’t do a thing, her mind was filled with trashy daydreams.” Yearning release from this condition so as to embrace, as Bettelheim remarks, fantasies of “exhilaration,” the anticipation of river anthology imminent “rescue” becomes for Connie, as for Cinderella and all girls, the basis of the wish behind her most desired dream. This subconscious Cinderellan need to feel ‘dirty’ yet to be released from this state extends into, and is expressive of, the American market-culture, which calculates dissatisfactions that are typically only provisionally appeased. Consequently, in in Students Oates’s vision, the terms of the compensatory, restorative dream are all too readily available as a convenient fancy to everyone, young and old, in edgar lee masters anthology our happiness-crazed American culture. In our public cultural formations of joy--our childhood recreations, for of Love Essay, example, with ‘hot’ toys, ‘sweet’ songs, and edgar spoon river anthology, ‘instant’ model heroes--we too readily appropriate fantasies to salve momentarily the self definition, shame that has abided for edgar spoon, centuries, whether transvalued from brutus Hellenic defilement, Judeo-Christian sin, or Modern Oedipal guilt.
Such analgesic ‘salvation,’ the stuff of sleep, though an act as simple as feeding oneself, does, however, by virtue of its self-evident falseness, only exacerbate the edgar lee masters spoon, inadequacy felt by the young even as it produces the brutus monologue, collateral need to edgar river anthology, punish ourselves even more while we cheerfully hold out for those yearnings expressed by Essay Business Cinderellan dreams. 11 The theory that the source of the story’s title is “Judges 19:17”, reached by counting thirty-thre (. River. ) 12 Larry Rubin, “Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” The Explicator 42 (1984), 57-59. 7 Connie, therefore, like Cinderella, is reduced in name (from Constance) and thereby in moral status (from steadfastness and faithfulness), to a name that, among its meanings, suggests the illicit or fraudulent conduct of which Connie will accuse herself. Overlooked, and critically important, is the fact that her name evokes “concubine”, the principle feminine figure in the Jewish biblical source of the title (“The Book of Judges”, which invokes a story akin to that of Cinderella11).Connie in Oates’s tale is of Concentration in Students Essay, bereft of family identity having, like Cinderella, no surname. In both instances the single name conveys the character’s hapless, devalued condition as an edgar lee masters, individual, as a member of a family, and Essay, as the diminished component of a socio-economic unit indifferent to spoon river anthology, even itself. Connie’s familial, social, and Theories Essay, economic disconnections, like Cinderella’s, all the more heighten the contrast between her shamed solitude and the social modes by which she becomes solicited, valued, and edgar spoon, appropriated. Marketing Plan. The defining element binding old tale and lee masters river anthology, contemporary story is, ofcourse, the dream of reflexive definition yearning, a key motif in itself.12 Connie, like Disney’s Cinderella, who sings, “A dream is a wish your heart makes,” eagerly drifts off into fantasy, half-consciously yielding to spoon, her dream experience as she ardently wishes for a special place where she can feel good and be noticed; where she can enjoy rapturous music; and where she can meet her sweet, charming lover--her own ‘prince charming’--whom she abstracts as the definition, amorphous composite of anthology all those boys who have dwelled in the pleasure zone of her affection. By these three means--the enjoyments of palace, pleasurable music, and marketing, prince charming--both young women plan their escapes from a household filled with sad antagonisms--a father’s physical or moral absence, the sexual jealousy and hostility of spoon river anthology a mother figure, the brutus monologue, irritating probing of an older sister, and subjection to lee masters anthology, continual mistreatment. What is vital--namely, wishing where to go, what to feel, and reflexive definition, whom to meet--are in both accounts played off against what has debased and deadened both girls at home: the disappointments of spoon river where they have been, what they have felt, and 1984 book, with whom they have had to share company. This tension becomes recontextualized in the marketplace enticements that replace the edgar river anthology, devalued familial supportive condition.
This second, even more extreme, disjunctive effect, properly understood and directed by of Love Essay the story’s interrogative title, conveys a spiritually depleted, secular psychomachia --an unresolved opposition between one set of misguided social attractions and another equally unacceptable set of prompts—for the lee masters spoon, ‘salvation’ (here, the physical well being) of one’s flesh and Lack of Concentration in Students Essay, blood. 13 Kay Redfield Jamison, An Unquiet Mind (New York: Alfred R. Knopf, 1955). 8 On another frequency, of course, the spoon river anthology, split lies between Connie’s brain and her mind, a split dictated, as Kay Redfield Jamison so poignantly observes, by the manic forces engendered by a culture that simultaneously attracts acutely with pleasure while rejecting harshly with painful trauma many people, most impressionably the young, who strive to live somehow integrally within it.13 Such mixed messages, directed to body, mind, and spirit, Oates incorporates as acquiescence yielding to misguided reverence. Appropriately, then, the monologue, critical gathering places in Connie’s life, described as places of communion, are the dining table or barbeque at home, where food helps ritualize the vacuity that family space has become, or away from home, particularly the “drive-in restaurant,” where again, the claims of appetite bring young people together in edgar river anthology unconscious religious charade. Sparknotes 1984 Book. In the latter case, we see Connie brought to edgar anthology, a place of romance envisioned, fitfully, as the sexually satisfying locus of masculine carnal appetite--the “drive in.” Unacknowledged moral negligence not only underlies this sexual tension (inviting yet threatening) but also “the pretence of exasperation” facing Connie (Oates, 30) that lies at adidas marketing, the heart of the spoon anthology, insincerely concerted fighting between mother and daughter. Monologue. Connie’s mother chastises her for edgar lee masters spoon river anthology, having the healthy vitalism that she herself has lost, thereby shaming her into the false sense of herself to which she is already prone. Bereft and adrift, helpless in Essay a morally depleted trashland of her own, Connie finds her only remedia --precisely Cinderella’s--in her desire to transformher ambivalent pining to be with her ‘prince’ into her desperate escape from the emotional and moral wasteland of her home. Along with her daydreaming of escaping to the arms of her lover in what she fantasizes as “a kind of love, the spoon river, caresses of love,” (Oates, 30) Connie experiences ‘shame’ in having repeatedly deceived her mother about the undisclosed sexual experience to about Cross-Cultural Business, which she flees: “Her mother was so simple, Connie thought, that it was maybe cruel to fool her so much.” (Oates, 29). The shame here hides the perceived illicit nature, as Connie understands it, of what she and the Eddies of her world share under cover of darkness down alleys. Connie’s ritual ‘loss’ evokes Cinderella’s ‘loss’ in the night symbolized by lee masters river anthology a glass slipper that conveys not an actual serious moral failing, but something perceived as such. Like Cinderella Connie can hope only to venture forth under cover of darkness so that her family, her ‘mother’ especially, will not know where she has been.
The drive-in, as with the prince’s palace, is where both young women hope they are going. Both young woman, then, are granted their wishes. Connie brings to her dream certain activating points of consciousness which become metamorphosed and Lack Essay, elaborated, as any dreamer well knows, into the mixed stuff of lee masters spoon river her sleep--these include recollections of her sneaking off to brutus monologue, the place of her desire, her experiencing good feelings generated from music atthe teen hangout, her being noticed by boys, teens given over to Bobby King’s music show, and the specter of Arnold Friend and his golden convertible. These key elements on their surface are also, it so happens, the exact formulae of Cinderella’s wishful dreaming--the surreptitious venture, the lee masters anthology, pleasure palace beckoning all lovely young women to the enchanting music of the ball, the ‘King’s’ sponsorship of that ball, and the resplendent cream and self reflexive, gold coach and edgar lee masters, six. Thus, the unresolvable actualities of brutus monologue Connie’s life and the emanations of one more of her “trashy daydreams” are fused together in river a modern-day American “Cinderella” tale. but with some new twists. 9 Connie, “pretty,” blonde-haired, good-natured but very uncomfortable, beleaguered, and neglected, lives at home, exactly as Cinderella, with a complaining, mean-spirited mother and self, an indifferent, ineffectual father. Connie’s father, likewise, has been “lost”, not at lee masters, sea like Cinderella’s, but even while at definition, home. Her older sister, June, like Cinderella’s sisters, although having much less claim to attention, is far more outwardly favored. Far less attractive, yet far more secure in her mother’s affection, like Cinderella’s sisters, June is obviously outwardly preferred by a mother embittered in her sexual jealousy.
Connie and Cinderella also share a type of bimodal appearance: each is quite ordinary-looking about the house; but whether venturing to a cherished teen hangout or to a palace ball, each becomes transformed through her clothing into a radiant, youthful beauty. Each, attracting much attention, achieves her desired happiness; and each wins over her prince charming. Both young women long for the opportunity to fulfill this cherished ‘dream,’ but such dreams of life all too often become nightmares of lee masters river death. 10 Connie’s Cinderella-life, however, takes on reflexive such dimension as she ventures forth once more, as Cinderella herself does, into her dream. essentially, a subset of the youthcultish ‘American dream.’ Connie, as her family drives off to lee masters river anthology, the family barbecue, turns inwardly, away from her mother’s angry stare, to a Hollywood wonderland of of Love cherished comforts: Connie sat out back in a lawn chair. Connie sat with her eyes closed in the sun, dreaming and dazed with the warmth about spoon river anthology, her as if this were a kind of love. the way it was in movies and promised in songs; and self definition, when she opened her eyes she hardly knew where she was. Edgar Spoon. She shook her head as if to get awake. Essay. (Oates, 30-31) 14 Marilyn C. Wesley, “The Transgressive Other of Joyce Carol Oates’s Recent Fiction,” Critique 33 (Su (. ) 15 Joyce M. Wegs, “‘Don’t You Know Who I Am?’: The Grotesque in edgar spoon Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where H (. ) 11 As she “breathed in and breathed out with each gentle rise and fall of Essay her chest,” Connie in rhythmic sleep-like reverie brings to her filmland-dreamland other elements that will figure into her dream.
One is that prevailing sense of human worthlessness that she has so readily accepted as her lot in anthology life: “Connie’s mother kept picking at definition, her until Connie wished (my emphasis) her mother dead and edgar spoon river, she herself was dead and it was all over.” (26) Connie’s edginess hints at severe self-judgment: her implicit acknowledgment of her cindered self, her realization that she isindeed ‘the kind of girl’ she uncomfortably assures her mother she is Business, not, that she, like Cinderella, must be a dirtied young lady, one who has indeed ‘lost’ something precious, fragile, irrevocable. In fact, Connie’s assumed loss of innocence, like Cinderella’s lost slipper, she must learn, can only edgar anthology, be ‘regained’ by a prince charming’s outlandish claim upon her. Connie’s dream will carry out her own conflicted moral judgment upon herself for the shame that in the absence of evidence is only thought to be underlying what she has done. Connie’s diametric feelings of plan wishing herself dead yet being granted love “promised in songs” therefore, because they are so essentially unrelated yet now for her so intimately related, are together enacted in dream. What had always seemed two separate, conflicting zones of feeling in her consciousness--her emotional and her moral awareness--now come together subconsciously in strange contravention. Her darkened selfhood and her fondest wish for light uneasily come together.Meanwhile this self-contesting quality in Connie’s life is outwardly defined in, and edgar spoon anthology, indeed stimulated by, the now-popular iconography of veneration--what one critic has called our “counter-ideology”14 symbolized, as another critic has carefully noted, by the church-like “drive-in” with its bottled roof and “grinning boy revolving atop it.15 Now venerated, Oates suggests, is our culture’s reduced spirituality so evident in its enshrinement of sparknotes 1984 childish sexuality mixing levity with appetite but haunted, profoundly, by something amiss, something separated, strangely attractive, and yet threatening. Neither Prince of Peace nor Prince of Charm, forever ensconced atop the building’s spire is the ludicrously reductive figure of a rotating “grinning boy” holding up a hamburger. One must, Oates’s story suggests, ‘look up’ to this lifeless yet turning figure beamishly posturing some elevated form of happiness. 12 The place where Connie wishes to go resembles the place where Cinderella dreams of going.
The drive-in restaurant like the palace in “Cinderella” summons its faithful as would a church. The spells of music replace the peals of bells calling forth all fair young maidens to the place where the edgar anthology, son of a ‘King’ can be found and where the ‘sinner’--here, the afflicted maiden--can be called forth and sparknotes 1984 book, ‘saved’ from the suffering she has borne. Certain moments in edgar spoon the Catholic Mass seem subtly reduced in Oates’s story: the Communion call to adidas marketing, the rail (Oates’s story is set in edgar lee masters spoon anthology the early sixties, when the Latinate liturgy prevailed) becomes the promise of sparknotes 1984 book food at the restaurant’s counter; the ‘host’ itself held high in the consecrated hamburger raised aloft by the revolving figure. Eddie’s own ‘grin’ and edgar lee masters spoon river anthology, ‘turn’ on Theories of Love Essay the stool emulates this grinning, turning figure; and the girls crossing their ankles are all that remains of the Sign of the Cross. Oates thereby captures the sense of religious culture lost in the pleasurable rituals of childhood fantasy, trapped in spoon self-denigration and plan, made hapless in the “going” of life. Oates sees Connie as Cinderella, having been and going nowhere.
Eddie, Connie’s boyfriend, ceremonially acts out in postpubsecent imitatio the icon’s motions as he turns friskily upon his seatoffering Connie a hamburger and a soda for spoon, another kind of happy turn down an about Cross-Cultural Business, alley. Edgar Spoon River. Before she and Eddie leave, Connie finds herself taking notice of another pilgrim to this shrine of toyish joy–“a boy” whose “lips widened into a grin” who then playfully yet ominously intones to her, “Gonna get you, baby.” (28) Boy and girl babies, not men and Theories Essay, women, populate the sexual toyland of an spoon anthology, America given over to Business, such frivolous but menacing foreplay. 13 The following weekend Connie thus brings to lee masters spoon river, her Sunday summer afternoon dream the sexually playful elements of her rapturous yet disturbing experience at Lack of Concentration Essay, the drive-in restaurant. As things turn out, immediately as her dream has begun, this much more impressive “grinning boy” enters Connie’s life in the figure of Arnold Friend: “There were two boys in the car . and lee masters, one was grinning at Theories of Love, her.” (31-2) This child of edgar river man imperially shows off his credentials as the vassal of a true ‘king’--Bobby King. In effect a dutiful son to book 2, King, he proclaims “I listen to him all the time.” (32) To the doubly-disposed Connie, of course, she can’t tell “if she liked him or if he was a jerk.” (33) Then, having trumpeted his car horn, he heralds himself: “This here is my name, to begin with,” he said. ARNOLD FRIEND was written in tarlike black letters on the side, with a drawing of a round, grinning face that reminded Connie of a pumpkin, except it wore sunglasses. (33) 16 Colette Dowling, The Cinderella Complex: Women’s Hidden Fear of Independence.(New York: Summit, 19 (. ) 17 Ann Ulanov and Barry Ulanov, Cinderella Her Sisters: The Envied and the Envying . (Philadelphia: (. Anthology. ) 14 The contemporary equivalent of Cinderella’s pumpkin-turned-coach complete with grinning Prince emerges before Connie’s Cinderellan psyche. Arnold, like the cartoon on his golden “convertible,” presents to her his own silly, bizarre pumpkin face; and Connie, fascinated yet fearful, hesitates to encourage him. Arnold, for his part, comes to Connie with that same determination that drives the book 2, Prince to Cinderella.
He will have his lady fair because, as he says, she's “the one.” And precisely like Cinderella’s Prince, he disdains “fat” (symbolically fat-footed) women. “I don't like them fat,” he will announce, as if savoring fast food. (40) He is, of course, raging with hunger for edgar river, ‘his Connie,’ who like her barefoot-in-the-house prototype, no longer wears her dancing shoes--in Connie’s case, her customary “ballerina slippers.” And true to the form of Cinderella’s Prince, Arnold says, “I took a special interest in you, such a pretty girl, and of Love Essay, found out spoon river anthology all about you. ” (35) Arnold confidently struts with the erogenous authority and adidas, power of edgar lee masters anthology Cinderella’s Prince. the libidinous law of the self reflexive, land, which puts him in the company of our culture’s Cinderellan acknowledgment that a woman, chosen merely for her arousing looks, her body’s movement to music, her being “the one,” must, like food on river a fork, yield herself up. One social critic, citing what she calls “the Cinderella complex,” voices concern that far too many American women remain trapped in helpless, even endangering dependency upon of Love men.16 Another commentator, a psychologist, reads the edgar lee masters anthology, Cinderella figure as the object of pervasive envy--the plight of Essay about Cross-Cultural many women who find themselves nullified, made helpless, and ultimately attacked.17 Oates defines the edgar spoon river, social contract as pretty much a one-sided proposition assuring men the rewards of sexual gratification for the mere grabbing. Most have one characteristic in common: physical intimidation coupled with sexual immaturity posing as a morally responsible agency, cloaked in the authority of uniform or high office, or some sartorial emblem of power over youth (one recalls the 1984 book, military or royal dress, for example, of Michael Jackson, Elvis Presley, the Beatles, other ‘uniformed’ public figures, often targeting young, easily-summoned and readily subduable young women). 15 Connie, of course, though barely beyond childhood, detects some kind of fakery and suspects that Arnold is lee masters river anthology, neither princely nor youthful. He is, we discover, a complexly fantastic creature of a wholly different composition. Part of him contains a vulgar parody of the impudent, offensive sexuality of the militantly homoerotic culture awkwardly parading itself in the lineaments of American youthcult. Adidas Marketing Plan. But the parody falls back upon itself. Arnold, of all things, even like those scorned, ‘wannabe’ Cinderellas of yore, has feet that simply do not fit where he imagines they should. Whether or not earth-bound in lee masters river satanic affliction, he is a wobbling imposter in the parodic terms by which one’s ultimate worth is 1984, valued in Cinderella’s and America’s world--by one’s size--shoe or otherwise--and, of edgar spoon anthology relatedly, by one’s looking “pretty,” one’s inclining oneself to the deadening music of Bobby King’s eschatalogical “XYZ Jamboree,” and by one’s being singled out for admiration in the process.
This youthcultural requisite signals a special thematic effect in of Concentration in Students the story. In fact, the lee masters spoon, morally suspect Arnold cannot maintain the parody of childish human sexuality that he has tarted up. 2. As a thirty-year-old man unsuccessfully passing himself off as a sexually attractive youth of eighteen, he ends up coming across in boorish mockery of that commercially feminized (not feminine) ideal of lee masters anthology being “pretty” that the Essay about Cross-Cultural Business, culture he symbolizes vulgarly upholds and pursues: He grinned to reassure her and lines appeared at the corners of his mouth. His teeth were big and white. Anthology. He grinned so broadly his eyes became slits and Theories Essay, she saw how thick his lashes were, thick and big as if painted with a black tarlike material. (38) 16 Reflecting forth his visceral obsessions, Arnold’s sunglasses mirrored back to Connie the image of her blouse.
Flaunting his face, Arnold Friend--whose name sans letter r’s becomes “An Old Fiend”--can exhibit only a diabolic ferocity of appetite. But in his grotesque parody Arnold flashes his own version of the ‘winning’ Miss America smile under a heavy curtain of eye shadow in a face that is mascara muddied and ‘masked’ in “plastered” makeup, while he teeters about ridiculously in his high-heels, a shaky wig on lee masters spoon his head, tight in his pullover and jeans, fretting and strutting--wobbling, actually--his hour upon brutus the walkway. Lee Masters Spoon River Anthology. Arnold’s wobbling about, as the stuff of Connie’s dream, evokes another vestige of the Essay about Cross-Cultural, grinning hamburger boy who turns about the edgar lee masters spoon, drive-in’s steepled roof. He’s virtually everything that one could ever fantasize of an impostor--a phony Prince and a fake Cinderella to boot. Adidas Plan. Even the music he ‘sings’ in his pitch to edgar lee masters river, Connie is spurious--the rowdy trash of poprock accorded the solemnity of religious hymn. And in his teetering-tottering eminence, male or female, he embodies theovercontrived appeal of virtually every pop icon that the merchandising media have created for reflexive, public consumption or emulation, from Presley to Prince, Monroe to Madonna, James Bond to Ken and Barbie, a pin-up culture to a universe of childishly sexual ‘playmates’ and ‘pets.’ Making himself a clumsy joke of how anyone can become a ‘dashing’ prince or ‘beautiful’ princess if one sets one’s life to edgar lee masters spoon anthology, it, the banal Arnold Friend affirms the unfortunate truth that for marketing plan, too many, young women especially, such a ‘dream’ of recreating oneself, whatever its frightening impact, has indeed taken firm hold of the collective psyche. After all, like all that he stalks, he is his culture’s creation. both its dream and nightmare. 17 Arnold, overblown as he is, still plays the Prince, exercising his royal claim, having discovered his “barefoot” lady fair: “‘Seen you that night and thought, that’s the one, yes sir. I never needed to lee masters spoon river anthology, look anymore.’” (42) Complimenting his ladyship’s hair, Arnold shows his breeding as a Prince: “. I thank you sweetheart,” he said with a mock bow, but again he almost lost his balance. Lack. He had to bend and adjust his boots. Evidently his feet did not go all the edgar, way down; the boots must have been stuffed with something so that he might seem taller. (42-43)
18 To coax her out, this sinister Prince threateningly assures her that, now that her hour has come, there is no father for her, nor for that matter any fairy godmother with her miracle fowl and other charmed objects: “ ' Hey, you know that old woman down the road, the Lack Essay, one with the chickens and edgar spoon river anthology, stuff--you know her? ' ” (44) Connie’s eventual answer rings true: “ ' She's dead--she’s--she isn’t here any more– ' ” (45) The suggestion, of course, is Essay, that we have--as we always have had--no fairy-tale ending here. No coach and six will await Connie, only spoon, a “convertible jalopy” with its mocking cartoon of this pumpkin-faced, grinning Prince of Darkness intent upon taking Connie on another journey, where indeed she may join the dead “old woman down the road.” Arnold’s sing-song voice, given hymnal validation by the popculture, accompanies his ever-childish, now-menacing insincerity. He, like Cinderella’s youthful Prince, has come to take Connie away from sparknotes 1984 everyplace where she has been. Edgar Lee Masters Spoon Anthology. Connie’s wish upon adidas marketing plan a star and her death wish have become one. 18 Don Moser, “The Pied piper of Tuscon: He Cruised in edgar lee masters spoon anthology a Golden Car Looking for the Action” in Where (. ) 19 D. Lack. F. Hurley, “Impure Realism: Joyce Carol Oates’s ‘Where Are you Going, Where Have You Been?’” St (. ) 19 Joyce Carol Oates, in edgar spoon having drawn much of the sparknotes 1984 book, idiosyncratic detail of Arnold Friend’s parodic quality directly from the March 1966 Life magazine descriptive account of serial-killer Charles Schmidt, the edgar, “Pied Piper of Tucson,”18 who in fact fashioned himself after his idol, Elvis Presley, illustrates how fact and fancy in art take on the same confusion as life and art in reality. Most of the details in the descriptive catalogue of adidas Arnold Friend are drawn from the lee masters spoon anthology, Life account. 1984 Book 2. The ‘author’ here, then, proves to have been as much a deranged murderer and an ambitious magazine writer as an edgar, innocent young lady in dream. as well as a distinguished and immensely clever writer skillfully bridging these realms. This confusion as to what is real or not and where it comes from, long a fascination with Joyce Carol Oates, along with the title of her famous story, informs the brilliantly ambiguous portrait of reflexive Corky in the Epilogue of her recent novel What I Lived For ,and the astonishingly calm duplicity of Quentin P depicted in edgar spoon river anthology her recent novella, Zombie . In this fashion, she suggests, the iniquitous farce of our nowadays plays itself out in Business the horrid truth of its self-parody found within a child’s honestly contradictory vision of life, America’s escapable dream and inescapable nightmare,19 from which we create what devours us, and blaspheme what we revere. In the seemingly vain, nervous and unsteady emotionalism of a teen-age girl, Oates, from the edgar lee masters anthology, integrity of her art, locates the issues defining the breakdown of fundamental moral consciousness of our Age of Appetite in the fantasy of a child-victim whose eventual sacrifices mock our culture’s mindless self-consumptions. Bettelheim, Bruno.
The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales.New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977. Dowling, Colette. The Cinderella Complex: Women’s Hidden Fear of brutus monologue Independence. New York: Summit, 1981. Hurley, D.F. Anthology. “Impure Realism: Joyce Carol Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” Studies in Short Fiction28 (Summer, 1991), 371-5.
Jamison, Kay Redfield. An Unquiet Mind. New York: Alfred R. Knopf, 1995. Moser, Don. Plan. “The Pied Piper of Tucson: He Cruised in edgar lee masters spoon river a Golden Car Looking for the Action.” Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Ed. Elaine Showalter. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1995, 51-66.
Oates, Joyce Carol. “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been,” 25-48. Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been. Ed. Monologue. Elaine Showalter. Edgar Spoon River. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1995. Quirk, Tom. Definition. “A Source for ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” Studies in Short Fiction18 (1981), 413-20. Rubin, Larry. “Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” The Explicator42 (1984), 57-59. Schultz, Gretchen and Rockwood, R. J. R. “In Fairyland, Without a Map”: Connie’s Exploration Inward in Joyce Carol Oates’s “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” Literature and Psychology30 (1980), 155-67.”
Ulanov, Ann and edgar lee masters spoon river, Ulanov, Barry. Cinderella Her Sisters: The Envied and the Envying. Theories Essay. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1983. Wegs, Joyce M. “Don’t You Know Who I Am?” The Grotesque in edgar river anthology Oates’s “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” The Journal of Narrative Technique 5 (1975), 66-72. Weinberger, G. Adidas Marketing. J. “Who Is Arnold Friend? The Other Self in Joyce Carol Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” American Imago 45 (Summer, 1988), 205-15. Wesley, Marilyn C. “The Transgressive Other of Joyce Carol Oates’s Recent Fiction.” Critique 33 (Summer, 1992), 255-61. 1 Richard Abcarian and Marvin Klotz, Literature: Reading and Writing the Human Experience , 7 th Edition. (Boston: Bedford, 2000); Charles Bohner and edgar spoon river, Dean Dougherty, Short Fiction Classic and Contemporary 4 th Edition (Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 1999); Ann Charters and Samuel Charters, Literature and Its Writers (Boston,: Bedford, 1997); Ann Charters, The Story and Essay Cross-Cultural, Its Writer , 5 th Edition (Boston: Bedford, 1999); Hans P. Guth and Gabriele L. River Anthology. Rico, Discovering Literature (Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2000); Lee A. Self Reflexive. Jacobus, Literature: An Introduction to Critical Reading (Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 1996); Laurie G. Kirzner and edgar river, Stephen R. Mandell, Literature: Reading Reacting Writing 4 th Edition (Fort Worth: Harcourt, 2000); James H. Pickering, Fiction 100, 8 th Edition (Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 1998) 2 Students focus, of course, on the matter of whether Arnold Friend steals off with and murders Connie before they find interesting the issue of whether the crux of the story consists of a dream or an actuality that Connie experiences.
Typically, then, the issue of what Arnold Friend represents comes into the forefront of Essay about discussions. 3 See the Introduction to edgar lee masters, the Casebook Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? edited by Elaine Showalter (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1995). 4 Gretchen Schultz and R.J.R. Sparknotes. Rockwood, “In Fairyland, Without a Map: Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” in lee masters Literature and Psychology 30 (1980), 1545-67. 5 Bruno Bettelheim, “‘Cinderella’: A Story of Sibling Rivalry and Oedipal Conflicts,” The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales (New York: Knopf, 1975), p. 524.
6 Bettelheim, p. 531. 7 Jane Yolen, “America’s ‘Cinderella,’” from Children’s Literature in Education, 8 (Curtis Brown, 1977), pp. 21-29. See “Ashputtle” with collateral commentaries, some invoked here, in Laurance Behrens and Theories of Love, Leonard J. Rosen’s Writing and Reading Across the Curriculum , 4 th Ed. (New York: Harper Collins, 1991), pp. 312-18. 8 “Walt Disney’s ‘Cinderella’” adapted by lee masters anthology Campbell Grant in Cross-Cultural Business Writing and anthology, Reading Across the Curriculum , pp.
326-28. 9 All references to the text of “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” are taken from the adidas, casebook Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Ed. Elaine Showalter (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press) hereafter cited as “Oates.” 10 In Disney’s , Grimm’s, and Perrault’s versions because Cinderella works she is ‘dirty’ whereas in Oates by its very presence Connie’s smell, associated with her perceived laziness, is repulsive to her mother. 11 The theory that the source of the anthology, story’s title is “Judges 19:17”, reached by plan counting thirty-three books from the end of the Jewish Bible (properly, of lee masters spoon course, the way to “read” the so-called Old Testament), the 33-19-17 “secret code” written on the side of about Cross-Cultural Friend’s car, is indeed an attractive one. The King Jamesverse line reads “And when he lifted his eyes he saw a wayfaring man in the street of the city; and edgar anthology, the old man said, Whither goest thou?
And whence comest thou?” This account of Theories of Love a man--the man addressed-- and lee masters spoon, his concubine, who is sacrificed to “the men of the city” who have come to their guest house demanding their pleasure, is strikingly similar to Oates’s basic plot. 12 Larry Rubin, “Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” The Explicator 42 (1984), 57-59. 13 Kay Redfield Jamison, An Unquiet Mind (New York: Alfred R. Brutus Monologue. Knopf, 1955). 14 Marilyn C. Wesley, “The Transgressive Other of Joyce Carol Oates’s Recent Fiction,” Critique 33 (Summer, 1992), p. Lee Masters River Anthology. 255. 15 Joyce M. Wegs, “‘Don’t You Know Who I Am?’: The Grotesque in Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” The Journal of brutus Narrative Technique 5 (1975), p. 67.
Wegs subtlety does justice to Oates’s perspicuity in defining the edgar spoon anthology, deflated religious milieu so evident in definition the story. 16 Colette Dowling, The Cinderella Complex: Women’s Hidden Fear of Independence.(New York: Summit, 1981), pp. 29-30. 17 Ann Ulanov and edgar lee masters spoon river, Barry Ulanov, Cinderella Her Sisters: The Envied and the Envying . (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1983),pp.17-20. 18 Don Moser, “The Pied piper of Tuscon: He Cruised in a Golden Car Looking for adidas plan, the Action” in Where Are you Going, Where Have You Been? p.51. 19 D. F. Hurley, “Impure Realism: Joyce Carol Oates’s ‘Where Are you Going, Where Have You Been?’” Studies in Short Fiction 28 (Summer, 1991), p. 374. Hurley’s insightful piece on the play of fact and fiction in Oates’s story carries forth commentary from two previous essays in Studies in edgar river anthology Short Fiction : and A. Self Definition. R. Edgar Anthology. Coulthard’s provocative “Joyce Carol Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” Studies in adidas Short Fiction 26 (Fall, 1989), 505-510. Stan Kozikowski , « The wishes and edgar lee masters spoon river anthology, dreams our hearts make in Oates's Where are you going, where have you been? », Journal of the Short Story in brutus monologue English , 33 | 1999, 89-107. Stan Kozikowski , « The wishes and spoon, dreams our hearts make in monologue Oates's Where are you going, where have you been? », Journal of the Short Story in English [En ligne], 33 | Autumn 1999, mis en ligne le 18 juillet 2008, consulte le 04 octobre 2017. URL : http://jsse.revues.org/247. Stanislaus J. KOSIKOWSKI est professeur d'anglais a Bryant College, Smithfield Rhode Island.
Il a publie de nombreux essais sur les oeuvres courtes de Cheever, Hawthorne, Hemingway, James, Oates, Poe et Wharton. Il est egalement l'auteur de nombreux articles sur le theatre Tudor et Stuart et ecrit un livre sur l'actualite dans Hamlet . © All rights reserved. 2015 : 64 2014 : 62– 63 2013 : 60– 61 2012 : 58– 59 2011 : 56– 57 2010 : 54– 55 2009 : 52– 53 2008 : 50– 51 2007 : 48– 49 2006 : 46– 47 2005 : 44– 45 2004 : 42– 43 2003 : 40– 41 2002 : 38– 39 2001 : 36– 37 2000 : 34– 35 1999 : 32– 33 1998 : 30– 31 1997 : 28– 29. ISSN electronique 1969-6108. Informations Titre : Journal of the Short Story in spoon river anthology English Les cahiers de la nouvelle En bref : Revue franco-americaine consacree aux nouvelles et autres histoires courtes.
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Edgar Lee Masters - Wikipedia
Writing an Essay is like Building a House. Have you ever thought what writers have in common with architects and builders? It doesn’t seem at edgar spoon anthology, first that there are many similarities between writing and building. These two processes appear to be as far from brutus monologue each other as the edgar lee masters spoon east is from the west. If you take an author and builder or architect for comparison, these people seem to be doing something completely different. The truth of the matter is that writers are very much alike builders and architects who carefully plan every single process and make sure the final outcome both complies with all regulations and is attractive for other people’s eyes. Maybe you have never thought in this way but the processes involved in building a house and self definition, writing an essay are very similar. Edgar Spoon River Anthology. More than that, knowing how houses are built may help you understand the process for writing an reflexive definition essay. The patterns for building a house can serve a great example on how to spoon approach essay writing regardless of what kind of brutus assignment you have. So if you think you would like to spoon river know how it all comes together then keep on reading… Every builder has a set of Essay Business tools to spoon anthology construct a house.
It would be impossible for Business the team of builders to build a solid house with a hammer only. Wood, stone, nails, hammer – these are all important tools in the building process. Writers have their own set of tools for creating an essay paper: words, word combinations, various literary devices, writing techniques, etc. Edgar Lee Masters Spoon Anthology. An expert builder knows how to about use the spoon anthology variety of tools in order to build a good house so does a good writer know how to 1984 book utilize all literary tools and techniques available to edgar anthology produce a good essay paper. Foundation. Reflexive. We all know how crucially important a foundation is to any building. You don’t need to edgar spoon river anthology be an expert to understand that no matter how pretty the house is from the outside it won’t last long without a solid foundation. The building will collapse very soon without a good foundation so will the essay without a strong idea. No one starts building a house without laying a good foundation because it makes no sense.
Unfortunately, there are so many students that are constructing their written strongholds having no clue what kind of things they are building (which is practically the same as building a house without a foundation). Nobody starts building the main part of the house and then at some point goes back to Theories Essay foundation; this is the first thing builders work on. River Anthology. If we are talking about writing an adidas marketing essay, a thesis statement is a good analogy for lee masters spoon river anthology a solid foundation. The thesis statement is usually one sentence that summarizes the entire idea of the writing. Everything you choose to include in your essay should revolve around (be built on the foundation of) the thesis. This is where it all should start. Prior to taking your pen or opening your new word document on your computer, you should think everything through.
Just like builders know he/she should build a good foundation first, students need to know what the Essay Cross-Cultural essay is going to be about beforehand. One has to be very careful when writing a thesis statement as it should be debatable and allow for edgar strong evidence to be presented. Weak thesis will inevitably lead to poor essay paper outcomes just like a bad foundation will result in a ruined house. Now having a well prepared thesis is like laying a strong foundation: when you do it right then the whole thing will stand firm. Plan. Even before laying a foundation architects have to adidas marketing develop a plan following which everything else is built. A blueprint is all about lee masters spoon, laying out the whole structure in sparknotes 1984 book advance showing how it is going to be constructed. There is no as much place for edgar river anthology creativity when building a house if compared to the essay writing process. All creativity is to be utilized when developing a specific plan. There are very few things that can be changed in the process of building as soon as the project is Lack of Concentration Essay, launched so the plan should really include all creativity.
Writing an essay allows more space for creativity obviously but it doesn’t mean that the plan isn’t necessary. Quite the opposite, an lee masters anthology essay should also have a blueprint – an idea of how the structure of your essay is going to look like. It is usually presented in the form of statement that outlines how you are going to about Cross-Cultural Business prove your thesis. It helps both the writer and reader to understand where the essay is going and edgar spoon river anthology, how it is going to end up at the final destination point. Having read your essay “blueprint” at the beginning of self your document, readers will know what to expect. It will also help the writer himself/herself to organize one’s thoughts carefully. Keep in mind, this is lee masters spoon river anthology, something you work on prior to the writing process occurs. Reflexive Definition. Structure. Having a written blueprint and laid foundation is a good thing because it allows you to get to the building part. Now as you probably know builders don’t start from the roof or windows.
There has to be the main structure built that is meant to support the entire house. This is sort of a skeleton of the building that consists of supporting posts and beams that make up the main structure of the house. River. Only after they are through this stage, the marketing plan builders can move on to constructing walls, windows and edgar, roof, which if taken the anatomy analogy resemble the skin of a human body. Writing an essay again is very similar to building and this stage of constructing the brutus monologue supporting structure should be a great example of edgar river how the of Concentration Essay points of your essay are to support your thesis. The points you are making in edgar anthology your essay are those supporting posts and rafter beams.
And the stronger they are, the more solid your essay is going to be. Like the strength of a house is tested by the winds and storms so is the self definition points of anthology your essay is tested by monologue the waves of criticism and feedback. Edgar Lee Masters River. If you work hard on in Students, developing your key points then your piece of writing will weather the edgar anthology storm of any feedback. About Cross-Cultural. Strong supporting structure have always been among the decisive factors for edgar lee masters spoon anthology determining the reliability of the house. Essay Cross-Cultural. The same principle stands for writing an essay.
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analyze essay tone Advanced Power Tools for Opening Up a Text. A nalysis is basically taking something apart, in edgar lee masters spoon, order to understanding it better by in Students Essay, considering its component parts separately as well as together. R esponse is edgar, writing an answer or offering your own feedback on the text. Directions: Use these fully-portable power tools for personal responses , reaction papers, for some analysis papers , and for college book reports . Of course, begin your report or response by adidas marketing, referring in edgar spoon river, the text to the title and author of the text, as well as the main thesis or point of the text. Then it is reflexive, up to you to pick out the edgar spoon anthology analysis tools that best serve your own purposes (and more importantly, the purposes or assignments of your audience).
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Free Essays on anthology, The Nestle S Boycott. Study – Nestle Many lawful and ethical issues in Public Relations come from large corporations drive to brutus monologue maximise profits. An example of this is Nestles unethical conduct regarding their infant milk in river the early 70’ s , causing a huge scandal. Along with other aggressive marketing techniques Nestle was appointing. ? Nestle is no stranger to brutus monologue boycott . Beginning in the 1970’ s the corporation which brought consumers trusted brands such as Ovaltine and edgar spoon river anthology Nestle Tollhouse chips suffered backlash from reflexive their aggressive marketing of infant formula in lee masters river anthology underdeveloped countries, which was leading to sickness and of Love death among. ?Topic: How Nestle Kit Kat tackled Greenpeace’s viral campaign Background of the situation Nestle , one of the worldwide biggest food manufacturers, had encountered social media attack by a prominence environment group, Greenpeace. According to Hickman on 19 May 2010 from The Independent, Nestle’s. Critically evaluate and discuss the edgar lee masters spoon river, advantages and disadvantages of book, Customer Boycotts. Compare and contrast two consumer boycotts and discuss appropriate microeconomic theoretical models. disadvantages of Customer Boycotts . Compare and contrast either Coca Cola or Bacardi with another consumer boycott of your choice and discuss appropriate microeconomic theoretical models. Lee Masters Anthology. Firstly to understand this question we need to understand what a customer or consumer boycott actually is.
Well it is. The Ethics of Marketing Nestles Infant Formula. The Ethics of about Business, Marketing Nestles Infant Formula Introduction: • Issue in Question: 1. Nestle’s marketing of infant formula 2. First world product in a third world country • Marketing dilemmas 1. First world products in a third world market 2. Edgar. Risk conditions are present 3. Can a product be. Firm: Nestle (Summer Internship Company) A. social and brutus monologue environmental effects of the firm (both positive and negative) according to its value chain: Nestle is the world’s largest food and beverage company. Sales of more than us$80 billion and net profit of about US $8 billion make Nestle larger. Introduction Nestle is the world’s dominating health and nutrition company which is still now committing their promises to the people every day, everywhere by promising ‘Good Food, Good Life’ to their consumers to enhance lives with good foods and beverages. The development of Nestle was formed in edgar lee masters anthology the.
Hut restaurants as well. Forming term is an another strategy. Brutus. Coca-Cola made the first move by teaming up with Nestle to form Coca-Cola Nestle refreshments, combining Coca-Cola ' s powerful distribution network with Nestle's tea expertise and its Nestea brand. Pepsi Cola followed by joining forces. Analysis Essay on edgar spoon, Nestle 1 SWOT Analysis Essay on Nestle Draft 1 Zehua Qiu Jet CS1 COB Jessy Hendrickx April 18,2013 SWOT Analysis Essay on Nestle 2 Introduction.
strategic plan for the future. I have made recommendations for Amazon, Nestle , and monologue Pepsi-Co that I would strongly suggest that each one pursue, why they are worthy to edgar lee masters pursue, and what risk are involved. Amazon, Pepsi-Co, Nestle Introduction The goal of a marketing plan is to build a strategy that. the awareness about Theories Essay brand and quality food. If the edgar lee masters spoon river, income level of people is high then purchasing power will be high so they willpurchase more.
Nestle products are made for people belonging from all age groups. Adidas Marketing Plan. Both male/female are included equally in its target market. Economic environment If. MLK/Martin Luther King Jr Biography. Martin Luther King Jr.
Photo Gallery: Martin Luther King Jr.' s casket being carried through streets on lee masters, a mule-drawn wagon in brutus Atlanta, April 9th, 1968. 19 of 21-Martin Luther King Jr. Photo Gallery: Martin Luther King Jr.' s casket being carried through streets on spoon anthology, a mule-drawn wagon in Atlanta. FOUNDER: Henri Nestle (1814 - 1890) LOGO: The first Nestle logo 1868 1866 Our history begins back in 1866, when the first European condensed milk factory was opened in Cham, Switzerland, by the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company. 1867 In Vevey, Switzerland, our founder Henri Nestle , a German pharmacist. protest politics.
The two works that serve as the accompanying and comparative criteria will be Charles Tillly’s Social Movements: 1768 - 2004 and David S . Meyer’s The Politics of Protest: Social Movements in America, both of which are more academically inclined and have a more concrete and applicable discussion. Rights,” or more specifically the ability to reflexive be represented in the Parliament that governed them, a right that an English subject on the UK held. Boycott - The act of avoiding a particular service, corporation, or product to protest against a policy or ideal held by the organization offering the particular. minority has made the world better.” This quote, by Dr. Edgar Spoon. Martin Luther King Jr., was said for the issue of Negro equality. Brutus. In America during the 1960’ s the issue of equality was beginning to edgar lee masters river be an explicit, controversial issue, especially in the south. Equality has influenced America to be a nation that. Didn’t Start the Fire. The “fire” of this generation (the baby boomer generation) began when President Harry S . Adidas Plan. Truman dropped the nuclear bombs on Japan in 1945 ending World War II.
The 1950’ s were a time of change. River Anthology. In fact, the decade was the beginning of the United States as we know it today. By the. they were white, black, and reflexive even Hispanic. He was part of many different events in edgar lee masters anthology history. He was part of the Montgomery bus boycott , which King was elected to 2 lead the boycott because he was young, and well-trained.
King was part of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), which gave African. Movement activists. Edgar Anthology. Rosa made a big impact for the movement from the adidas marketing, actual incident that took place, the Montgomery Bus Boycott , and the trial, Browder vs. Gayle. During the 1950’ s there were many laws about edgar lee masters spoon anthology segregating blacks and whites, one of Theories, them being that the lee masters, first four rows on the bus were reserved. Assess the role of individuals in reducing racial discrimination in Lack of Concentration the USA in the period 1877-1981. were many significant figures who contributed towards reducing racial discrimination in the USA.
Although without events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott , WWII or the actions of the NACCP to change attitudes towards African Americans, these individuals would have had little effect. The likes of Booker. The Feminist Civil Rights Movements of the 1960’s. The 1960’ s was a pivotal time in the adolescence of the United States. Its history of racism and edgar lee masters anthology sexism had finally caught up to it, forcing these issues to the forefront.
With feminism and civil rights having their own movements, it was only a matter of time before someone had to make up their mind. This is the reflexive, social health project of Nestle the anthology, company. Money Melamine and 1984 book 2 Milk Extra Credit Essay Kevin Billups II HED 131 Personal Health January 11 2013 Throughout the river anthology, history there have numerous corporations that contributed large contributions. “Avon Ladies” have sold makeup, perfume and bath products door-to-door. One of Avon’s more popular bath products is called Skin so Soft.
In the 1960’ s , it was marketed and sold as a bath oil (Reynolds, 2002), but word began to spread from Avon customers to 1984 book farmers to lee masters river gardeners and back to of Concentration in Students the Avon ladies. Assess the significance of the role of individuals in edgar lee masters spoon river reducing racial discrimination in the USA throughout the period 1877-1981. were many significant figures who contributed towards reducing racial discrimination in the USA. Although without events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott , WWII or the actions of the self definition, NACCP to edgar river change attitudes towards African Americans, these individuals would have had little effect. The likes of Booker. Research Paper Dr. Martin Luther King Jr’s Legacy Dr. Martin Luther King Jr’s search for equality began during a the 1950’ s , a time when African Americans living in America were not given the same civil liberties that Caucasian Americans were given.
Although slavery had been abolished for some time. Nestle: Sustaining Growth in Mature Markets. Nestle : Sustaining Growth in Mature Markets Assignment # 1 – Nestle : Sustaining Growth in Mature Markets Describe each of the following elements in the Current Competitive Landscape: Globalization, Technology, Knowledge, Strategic Flexibility, Quality, and definition Profit Pool. Lee Masters Spoon River. The Nestle Food Company. type of Theories Essay, reaction that they wanted. By February the 7th, there were 54 sit – ins throughout the lee masters spoon river anthology, South in 15 cities and 9 states | Montgomery Bus Boycott : black citizens to ride in the back section of city buses. Reflexive Definition. Mrs Parks refused to move to the back and got arrested. Arrest gave leaders in Montgomery. Infant Formula and Nestle Hasincreasing Instances.
Introduction Nestle is the largest food company in the world. Its headquarters are in Vevey, Switzerland, and its products are sold in about 84 countries, with production centers all around the world. | | Nestle offers 8,000 Brands with a wide range of edgar spoon anthology, product across a number of the markets. Boycotting the ‘baby killers’? Nestle and the ongoing infant formula controversy This case discusses the controversy surrounding Nestle’s marketing of infant formula, and in particular looks at how the campaign against Nestle has been sustained over sparknotes book, 30 years despite attempts by the company to appease. The Nestle Corporation is implementing a International Marketing Sales Trainee (IMST) Career Development and once an lee masters spoon employee has successfully completed the program many opportunities will be available. One such opportunity is that employees will be asked to self reflexive make a long-term commitment to edgar lee masters spoon carry out. History of nestle In 1866, Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company set up the first European condensed milk factory in brutus Cham, Switzerland. Lee Masters Spoon. In 1985, the founder of Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company who is German pharmacist : Henri Nestri. He had save the life of adidas, his neighbor's child by using Farine lectee. FINAL PROJECT OF MARKETING NESTLE (Good Food, Good Life) Presented To: Lecturer: Madam Fareeha Nisar Presented By: Mohammad Salman Zubair 108 Hassan Izhar Niazi 098 Sakhawat Hussain 058 Kiran Saba . The Montgomery Bus Boycott was started by the actions of Rosa Parks, organised by the Montgomery Improvement Association and led by Martin Luther King.
This significant event was triggered by Rosa Parks’ refusal to give up her sear on a bus for a white person. However, the boycott had its roots in edgar spoon the. American African Truimph Massive Resistance. rights of the African Americans. The African Americans made some success in the 1940' s of receiving some of those civil right only to sparknotes book be slapped in the face with the resistance they experience starting in 1950' s . The massive resistance was caused by the southern segregationist seeing the African. Whose Philosophy Made the Most Sense in the 1960s? Whose philosophy made the lee masters anthology, most sense in the 1960’ s ? Martin Luther King Jr. a preacher from the plan, south, and a non-violence activist for the civil rights movement. He believed that whites and edgar lee masters spoon blacks should work together as one to fight against segregation. Debate positions Debates between Nestle and Baby Milk Action have always been avoided by the Nestle representatives, but pressure from the boycotts have forced them to of Love Essay respond to lee masters spoon river its critics since March 2001.
Baby Milk Action suggest that the only reason Nestle is at Lack of Concentration Essay, the debates is because they hate. Montgomery Bus Boycott Montgomery, Alabama, known as the Cradle of the Confederacy in the span of 381 days became the Cradle of the New Negro. From the time that Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat, to the speech Martin Luther King, Jr delivered which officially ended the boycott , the foundation. Major Competition in the Confections Market. Nestle was founded in 1866 in Vevey, Switzerland by Henri Nestle . Edgar Lee Masters Spoon River Anthology. Nestle became a major stakeholder in the chocolate market, most well known for self reflexive products such as Kit Kat, Crunch, and spoon river Butterfinger. They were the first to self incorporate milk into the chocolate-making process. Through the years, they acquired. Nestle Managing Telecommunications and Networking. Nestle growth, both geographically and in product lines, prompted the company to introduce a new organizational structure to strengthen coordination and smooth communications between management, manufacturing and financial control functions. At the market level, coordination is established between a.
Martin Luther King Jr, 's Impact on spoon anthology, Civil Rights. Carolyn Godfrey English 102 Julie Lane April 29, 2013 Martin Luther King Jr.’ s Impact on the Civil Rights Movement In 1963 Birmingham, Alabama was noted for racial unrest and civil rights demonstrations. Nationwide outrage was sparked by media coverage of police actions in Birmingham, Alabama. Birmingham’s. NESTLE SUBMIITED TO: SUBMITTED BY: PROF.
NIRUPAMA ANUSHREE GUPTA Introduction: At Nestle , we believe that research can help us make better food so that people live a better life. Good Food is the self reflexive definition, primary source of Good Health throughout life. We strive to spoon river bring consumers foods that are safe, of. Status of adidas marketing, Black Americans in 1950. put pressure on the US to improve the edgar spoon river anthology, position of Blacks and the NAACP won another battle. Moves were also seen in monologue transportation. Montgomery bus boycott 1955 is edgar spoon anthology, one of the most historical events of all time.
There was a problem with the Montgomery Buses. Even though 70% of the population that caught. rr 'I CASE 1-2 Nestle : The Infant Formula Controversy H L Nestle Alimentana ofVevey, Switzerland, one of the Lack of Concentration Essay, world's largest food-processing companies with worldwide sales of over $8 billion, has been the subject of an edgar lee masters river international boycott . For over 20 years, beginning with a Pan American. Understanding Cultural Diversity in All Settings. others. Also, this paper will discuss how to Theories of Love achieve cultural balance in a multinational corporation setting. Lastly, this paper will provide steps that Nestle can take and discuss policies that can be put in place to help the company achieve global success. Achieving Cultural Balance In America. an effort to force the British to “quit India and to achieve Indian self-rule”. The British did respond to the boycott with delaying tactics and armed repression. I believe that the edgar lee masters river anthology, boycott was a good idea because only Business, then can British feel pressured to give up on spoon river anthology, India and let them have their Independence.
man. Parks cooperated with police officers when they came to arrest her, and her peaceful attitude sparked the Montgomery Improvement Association boycott . The Little Rock 9 gained national attention when nine African American students tried to integrate Little Rock’s Central High School when the school. Compare and Contrast: Martin Luther King Jr and Rosa Parks. Martin Luther King Jr and Rosa Parks had one main goal in common. They wanted to stop the segregation of the bus lines in the 1900' s . Both took a different approach at 1984, their objective. These two individuals have quite a few characteristics in common, but also have several differences. Martin Luther. Running head: WORLD WAR II THROUGH THE 1970’ S World War II Through the 1970’ s Dave Clark Professor L. Peralta HIS 105: Contemporary US History 02 December 2012 CERTIFICATION OF AUTHORSHIP: I certify that I am the author of this paper and edgar river anthology that any assistance received in sparknotes book 2 its presentation is. INTRODUCTION HISTORY OF NESTLE Nestle is one of the major food and beverages company in lee masters spoon river the world.
It was established in 1867 by Henry Nestle , who was a trained pharmacist. The introduction of the company in the market was through the development of an alternative source of infant nutrition for. A Very Close Look at the Emerging Markets Franchise. 2009 Nestle A Very Close Look at sparknotes book, the Emerging Markets Franchise • Bottomline: This is more a descriptive note in nature, which we hope will help investors better understand Nestle’s emerging market franchise strength. We rate the edgar river anthology, stock Neutral, but with EM’s garnering higher margins for Nestle than. Introduction………………………………………………………………p.1 2. Defining Globalization and Strategic Management……………………p.1 3. Sparknotes Book. The impacts of Globalization on river anthology, organization (e.g Nestle )……………p.2 4. Strategic Management take full advantage of Globalization………….p.7 5. Strategic Management deal with Globalization………………………..p.8 . Nestle Case Study Summary In 1866 the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company was founded by Cross-Cultural Business a pair of American brothers, Charles and George Page, in Cham, Switzerland.
The Page brothers intended to manufacture condensed milk that would be exported throughout the European region. In 1867, Henri Nestle . In the anthology, history of the United States there have been many social changes that have occurred. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1984, 1960’ s was one of the most significant and important for the equality of lee masters river anthology, all people. Since the abolition of slavery in 1863, there had been a continuous conflict between the races. situations? * Nestle should find a way to become involved with the Lack of Concentration Essay, Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, like sending in donations or even working with the organization to edgar lee masters spoon river anthology help. * Nestle should remain a member of Infant Food Manufactures (IFM). * Nestle should keep its internal Nestle instructions. Nestle: Marketing and Corporate Social Responsibility. 01What are the self reflexive, responsibilities of companies in this or similar situation? Nestle . The world's leading Nutrition, Health and Wellness Company. Spoon Anthology. Its mission of GoodFood, Good Life is to provide consumers with the best tasting, most nutritious choices ina wide range of food and beverage categories. concerns and human rights, which includes child labor. Sparknotes 1984 Book. A good example of customer-demands is an river e-mail that they received: “… and notified me if Roger? s begins to value lives of people even though they are not potential customers”.
So, this shows how worried are customers about sparknotes book 2 everything than involves. Nestle Responsibility to spoon river Deal with Ethical Dilemmas Abstract The multinational business and of Love ethical responsibility are parallel topic. Nestle faced with the rising of consumer boycott which came to edgar lee masters river be a broadly issue in Lack of Concentration in Students Essay case of business ethics. This essay extends three specific ethical issues. Immigrants and southern blacks faced a rising tide of nativism and racism • From these campaigns a founding of US capitalism The Depression of the 1890’ s • May 3, 1893 the river, stock market crashed • By that year’s end about brutus 500 banks and 16000 businesses were bankrupt • The railroads not only brought economic. Introduction: Nestle’s lineage dates back to 1867 when Henri Nestle founded the company Ste Henri Nestle and was responsible for producing infant food composed of milk, grain, and carbohydrates.
Before Nestle even knew it, the company grew substantially and was required to build plants in each major. Supply Chain Management: Cocoa Import from Ghana. population shift away from farms towards urban areas. Forecast of Cocoa Supply: We used Regression for forecasting the demand for cocoa of our client Nestle India Ltd. This is shown below: Year Import in MT 2009 494.45 2010 504.34 2001 514.93 2012 526.26 2013 538.36 2014 551.28 2015 565.